Nicotine Gateway Effects on Adolescent Substance Use

@article{Ren2019NicotineGE,
  title={Nicotine Gateway Effects on Adolescent Substance Use},
  author={Michelle Ren and Shahrdad Lotfipour},
  journal={Western Journal of Emergency Medicine},
  year={2019},
  volume={20},
  pages={696 - 709}
}
Given the rise in teenage use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (“vaping”) in congruence with the increasing numbers of drug-related emergencies, it is critical to expand the knowledge of the physical and behavioral risks associated with developmental nicotine exposure. A further understanding of the molecular and neurochemical underpinnings of nicotine’s gateway effects allows emergency clinicians to advise patients and families and adjust treatment accordingly, which may minimize the… 

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