Niche, Habitat, and Ecotope

@article{Whittaker1973NicheHA,
  title={Niche, Habitat, and Ecotope},
  author={Robert H. Whittaker and Simon A. Levin and Richard B. Root},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={1973},
  volume={107},
  pages={321 - 338}
}
The confusion comes from use of the same word, "niche," for different concepts. We shall distinguish three senses of the word as: (a) the niche as the position or role of a species within a given community-the functional concept of niche; (b) the niche as the distributional relation of a species to a range of environments and communities-the niche as habitat, or the place niche concept; and (c) the niche as an amalgam of both these ideas, and thus defined by both intracommunity and… 
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