Niacin deficiency increases spontaneous and etoposide-induced chromosomal instability in rat bone marrow cells in vivo.


Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) binds to DNA single and double strand breaks and uses NAD in the synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose) (pADPr). Niacin deficiency in rats decreases bone marrow NAD(+) and limits pADPr synthesis in response to DNA damage, while pharmacological supplementation with nicotinic acid (NA) increases bone marrow NAD(+) and pADPr. The… (More)


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