Next Decade of Social, Economical and Ethical Challenges Perspectives of a Networked World

  • A Min Tjoa
  • Published 2010 in
    2010 24th IEEE International Conference on…


In his seminal book “The New Asian Hemisphere – The irreversible shift of global power to the East” [1] Kishore Mahbubani, the famous Singaporean diplomat and professor at the National University of Singapore gave an in-depth analysis about the changes which are implied by the use of mobile phones in developing countries. Three of his examples should illustrate this: (1) “The Bangladesh economy has gone up because of mobile phones by 2 percent. That surpasses the money given to Bangladesh through aid” , (2) “For less than one penny per minute – the world cheapest cell phone call ratesIndian farmers in remote areas can check prices for their produce. They also track global trends using cell phones-based Internet services that show the price of pumpkins and bananas in London and Chicago.” and as a third example (3) “Indian farmers use camera phones to snap pictures of crop pests, then send the photos by cell phone to biologists who can identify the bug” . He cited also the famous Indian born business professor C.K. Prahalad at the University of Michigan that one element of poverty is the lack of information and that cell phones give s poor people as much information as the middleman. For many fishermen in India who work off India’s 4,350 miles of coastline monthly income has been tripled to average 150 US-Dollars since 2000 when cell phones began booming in India. The dealers are now forced to give more money because of competition. [2] At the Seventh Asian-Europe Meeting (ASEM) of the political leaders of Asia and Europe in Beijing in 2008 it was decided to hold a workshop on “Empowering local communities in the use of ICT. This Workshop has been held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia in October 2009. In this workshop best practices in Asia concerning “Village Access Project” and the encouragement of mass production of ICT appliances to lower the costs were convincingly demonstrated. It was anonymously agreed that utilizing ICT application is of significant importance in the development of local communities, especially in rural areas. One major obstacle is the digital gap between regions of the countries (e.g. small islands, remote rural areas etc.). The impact of the Future Internet vision which is in the words of EUCommissioner Redding is a holistic one whereby "all network and service platforms technologies called upon to constitute the Internet of tomorrow are looked at as part of a single system.“ [3]. This would imply the Internet of Things, the Internet of Services, the Internet of Content & Media, the Internet of Publicity, Privacy, and Anonymity, the Internet of Mobility and Ubiquity In a scientific conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, one should be very much aware of the potential of the gigantic progress towards connectivity. With the accelerating growth of bandwidth the term digital divide must include broadband connectivity for many important applications reaching from e-learning to the use of cloud computing. The AINA community is the right audience to think about the use of their research results for achieving the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. The keynote will concentrate on extending the potentials which are inherent in the example (2) and (3) of Mahbubani. Especially we will drill down in quite a detail on the issue of “mobile to cloud” connectivity which could be derived from example (3). The prerequisites of powerful use of cloud computing is still tightly bound with the questions of connectivity and access. Important issues of Open Access and Open Source developments in this context will be discussed. We will also discuss the impact of cloud to small businesses which are able to host their applications or data on providers like Amazon, paying only 15 cents per gigabyte per month, or as little as 10 cents per hour of computer processing. [4,5] Technically we will concentrate on the use of mash-ups to provide the flexible construction of mashups built on cloud computing infrastructures. First results of such an approach were built in the Fast and Advanced Storyboard Tools (FAST) Project of the European Union and recently introduced in [6]. Finally we will investigate the need for security and interoperability in the use of cloud computing in the its use for processes as described above. 2010 24th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications 1550-445X/10 $26.00 © 2010 IEEE DOI 10.1109/AINA.2010.185 17

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@article{Tjoa2010NextDO, title={Next Decade of Social, Economical and Ethical Challenges Perspectives of a Networked World}, author={A Min Tjoa}, journal={2010 24th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications}, year={2010}, pages={17-18} }