Newton's "Experimental Philosophy"

  title={Newton's "Experimental Philosophy"},
  author={Alan E. Shapiro},
  journal={Early Science and Medicine},
  • A. Shapiro
  • Published 2004
  • Philosophy
  • Early Science and Medicine
My talk today will be about Newton’s avowed methodology, and specifically the place of experiment in his conception of science, and how his ideas changed significantly over the course of his career. I also want to look at his actual scientific practice and see how this influenced his views on the nature of the experimental sciences. 
Newton’s Challenge to Philosophy: A Programmatic Essay
  • E. Schliesser
  • Philosophy
  • HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science
  • 2011
I identify a set of interlocking views that became (and still are) very influential within philosophy in the wake of Newton’s success. These views use the authority of natural philosophy/mechanics toExpand
D'Alembert, the “Preliminary Discourse” and experimental philosophy
There is ample evidence for the claim that from the 1660s until the mid-eighteenth century, the distinction between experimental and speculative philosophy provided an important new set of terms ofExpand
Newton's experimental proofs
Newton claims that his theorems in the Opticks are derived from experiments alone. e paper explains this dictum by relating Newton’s proof method to an iconic conception of proof as opposed to aExpand
Phenomena in Newton's Principia
Newton described his Principia as a work of ‘experimental philosophy’, where theories were deduced from phenomena. He introduced six ‘phenomena’: propositions describing patterns of motion,Expand
Cotes’ Queries: Newton’s Empiricism and Conceptions of Matter
We argue that a conflict between two conceptions of “quantity of matter” employed in a corollary to proposition 6 of Book III of the Principia illustrates a deeper conflict between Newton’s view ofExpand
Universal Gravitation and the (Un)Intelligibility of Natural Philosophy
This article centers on Hume’s position on the intelligibility of natural philosophy. To that end, the controversy surrounding universal gravitation shall be scrutinized. It is very well-known thatExpand
Newton and scholastic philosophy
  • Dmitri Levitin
  • Medicine, Philosophy
  • The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2015
It will be shown that some of Newton's most famous pronouncements are simply incomprehensible without an understanding of specific scholastic terminology and its later reception, and that this impacts in quite significant ways on how the authors understand Newton's natural philosophy more generally. Expand
De Gravitatione Reconsidered: The Changing Significance of Experimental Evidence for Newton's Metaphysics of Space
abstract:I argue that Isaac Newton's De Gravitatione should not be considered an authoritative expression of his thought about the metaphysics of space and its relation to physical inquiry. IExpand
Newton’s Empiricism and Metaphysics
Commentators attempting to understand the empirical method that Isaac Newton applies in his Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1687) are forced to grapple with the thorny issue of how toExpand
Principles in Newton's Natural Philosophy
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Routledge via the link in this record


Isaac Newton's coloured circles twixt two contiguous glasses
Special interest attaches to Newton's work in optics, since it was the investigation he first considered complete. When he was appointed to the Lucasian chair in I669, he chose the theory of colorsExpand