Newly Found Inscriptions in Old Canaanite and Early Phoenician Scripts

  title={Newly Found Inscriptions in Old Canaanite and Early Phoenician Scripts},
  author={Frank Moore Cross},
  journal={Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research},
  pages={1 - 20}
  • F. Cross
  • Published 1 April 1980
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
The discovery in 1953 of three arrowheads from 'El-Khadr inscribed with three identical inscriptions of the late 12th century B.c. initiated a new stage in the study of alphabetic origins (Cross and Milik 1954: 5-15; Cross and Milik 1956: 15-23). The brief texts of the arrowheads provided secure readings of alphabetic signs at precisely the period of transition from the older pictographic (ProtoCanaanite or Old Canaanite) script to the Early Linear (Phoenician) alphabet. These inscriptions also… Expand
1 Citations
Who are We, and Who (or What) Do We Want to Become? An Evolutionary Perspective on Biotransformative Technologies
Human evolution sits at several important thresholds. In organic evolution, interplay between exogenous environmental and genetic factors rendered new phenotypes at rates limited by geneticExpand


A Ugaritic Abecedary and the Origins of the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet
Advances in the decipherment of Proto-Canaanite texts during the past twelve years 1 together with the discovery of the el-Khadr arrowheads in 1953 2 have furnished definitive evidence that theExpand
Alphabetic Inscriptions on Ivories from Nimrud
AMONG the carved ivories found by Layard and Loftus at Nimrud in the nineteenth century a few bear alphabetic inscriptions or single letters which may be fitters' marks. Similar pieces have beenExpand
Inscribed Javelin-Heads from the Period of the Judges: A Recent Discovery in Palestine
  • J. Milik, F. Cross
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1954
The first inscribed javelin-head was bought from an antiquity dealer on November 1, 1953. Some weeks afterwards more javelin-heads appeared on the market. It was ascertained that they belonged to theExpand
Some Semitic Epigraphical Considerations on the Antiquity of the Greek Alphabet
Although there is a consensus on the WestSemitic origin of the Greek alphabet, there is a scholarly controversy about the earliest use of the alphabet among the Greeks. Since this problem belongsExpand
An Archaic Inscription from Byblos
  • J. Teixidor
  • Art
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1977
In a recent article F. M. Cross and P. K. McCarter (1973) have reexamined an inscribed clay cone found at Byblos and published by M. Dunand (1950). The object bears a clearly incised text of eightExpand
An Unpublished Arrow-Head with Phoenician Inscription of the 11th-10th Century B. C.
  • J. Milik
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1956
and 6 mm. thick, at the base of the head, and a square tang, enlarging towards the bulge at the base of the blade, with a maximum thickness of 3 mm. This type of arrow-head is known from Palestine,"Expand
An Inscribed Jar Handle from Raddana
touched a handle to participate in a ritual. What was the nature of the ritual? It could have been some unknown ceremony of pouring out a drink offering which would have been practiced byExpand
L'apport phénicien aux bronzes nouragiques de Sardaigne
VIII-VIss. av.J.-C. Trois series d'objets en bronze sont analysees: 1) les statuettes orientales importees en Sardaigne par les marchands pheniciens et trouvees dans un contexte nouragique| 2) lesExpand
The Gezer Calendar
  • W. F. Albright
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1943
"Je crois done que c'est par un itineraire a travers le Galaad primitif au Sud du Zerqa que la tradition israelite se repr6sentait le retour du Patriarche. ... A l'4poque patriarcale, le Nord de laExpand