Newcastle disease virus outbreaks: vaccine mismatch or inadequate application?

  title={Newcastle disease virus outbreaks: vaccine mismatch or inadequate application?},
  author={J. C. F. M. Dortmans and Ben Peeters and Guus Koch},
  journal={Veterinary microbiology},
  volume={160 1-2},
Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most important diseases of poultry, and may cause devastating losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Its causative agent is Newcastle disease virus (NDV), also known as avian paramyxovirus type 1. Many countries maintain a stringent vaccination policy against ND, but there are indications that ND outbreaks can still occur despite intensive vaccination. It has been argued that this may be due to antigenic divergence between the vaccine strains and… CONTINUE READING

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