New variant famine: AIDS and food crisis in southern Africa

  title={New variant famine: AIDS and food crisis in southern Africa},
  author={Alex de Waal and Alan Whiteside},
  journal={The Lancet},

The new variant famine hypothesis

A number of southern African countries have experienced food crises during recent years. The fact that the scale of these crises has been disproportionate to the apparent triggers of climatic

HIV/AIDS and climate in food security crises :a study of Southern Africa, 2001-2005.

This study is based on the premise that HIV/AIDS and variable rainfall, in other words, events such as droughts and floods (climate), are likely to be prevalent in Southern Africa for the foreseeable

Persistent Hunger: Perspectives on Vulnerability, Famine, and Food Security in

This review examines the persistence of chronic hunger in SubSaharan Africa in the twenty-first century and reviews dominant famine theories, concepts of vulnerability, and household livelihood

HIV/AIDS and Agrarian Livelihoods in Zambia: a Test of the New Variant Famine Hypothesis

1. Consistent with the New Variant Famine (NVF) hypothesis, the negative impact of drought on crop output and output per hectare is further exacerbated where HIV prevalence rates are relatively high,

Mortality, malnutrition and the humanitarian response to the food crises in Lesotho

Findings suggest that the food aid program ensured survival mainly among adults, and the situation could have been catastrophic in the absence of humanitarian assistance.

Weather patterns, food security and humanitarian response in sub-Saharan Africa

  • M. Haile
  • Economics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2005
The paper will propose new approaches for triggering humanitarian responses to weather-induced food crises and investigate how current advances in the understanding of climate variability, weather patterns and food security could contribute to improved humanitarian decision-making.

Pathology of a famine: The Malawi example

Food shortage may trigger a famine but there are contextual factors determining the ultimate impact on human societies in unpredictable ways. Malawi's famine exemplifies how an extreme event can

Agrarian change and rising vulnerability in rural sub-Saharan Africa

The past 20 years or so have seen the marked emergence of highly vulnerable peasant populations in many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Here vulnerability is taken to have the twin attributes of

Socio-economic causes of food insecurity in Malawi

The food crisis that Malawi experienced in 2002 led to hundreds maybe thousands of hunger-related deaths, which is more than any famine in living memory. During this famine, maize production fell by

Analysing Southern African food security: assessing the New Variant Famine hypothesis

This article investigates the New Variant Famine (NVF) hypothesis coined by Alex De Waal during the 2001-2003 Southern African food security crisis, as a tool for analysing food insecurity in the



The Impact of AIDS on Rural Households in Africa: A Shock Like Any Other?

In areas where HIV prevalence is high, household production can be significantly affected and the integrity of households compromised. Yet policy responses to the impact of HIV/AIDS have been muted

Famine that Kills: Darfur, Sudan

When news of the Darfur famine in the '80s broke in the West, relief experts predicted that, without massive food aid, millions of people would starve to death. Food aid on this scale did not arrive,

Famine Mortality: A Case Study of Darfur, Sudan 1984–5

A survey was undertaken in the Darfur Region of Sudan, to collect retrospective mortality data for the famine period of 1984–5, it is argued that the excess mortality can be explained by severe localised health crises which caused increased exposure to life-threatening diseases.

A Re‐assessment of Entitlement Theory in the Light of the Recent Famines in Africa

This paper is an attempt to re-assess the nature of famines, as conceptualized in Professor Sen's entitlement theory, in the light of empirical evidence concerning the recent African famines. The

AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact.

Based on fieldwork carried out in the Rakai and Kigezi Districts of Uganda, the authors attempt to outline the long-term social and economic impact of AIDS in Africa, focusing on the effects on

Why was there No Famine Following the 1992 Southern African Drought ? The Contributions and Consequences of Household Responses

The 1992 southern African drought was the region’s worst drought in living memory. Many wells and some perennial rivers dried. Well over a million cattle died: 1.03 million in Zimbabwe alone, more

Famines in historical perspective.

This paper presents a challenge to the Malthusian view that historically famines have been a consequence of overpopulation relative to available resources. The Malthusian paradigm has been used to

Coping or struggling? a journey into the impact of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

Analysis of the effects of AIDS‐induced morbidity and mortality on rural livelihoods, particularly in east and southern Africa, has gathered pace in the last two decades. An understanding of the

Famine Demography: Perspectives from the Past and Present. Edited by Tim Dyson and Cormac Ó Gráda. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Pp. xiv, 264. £45.00.

This book deals with the important subject of famine demography. It contains case studies of the demography of historical and more recent famines in locations as far apart as Ireland, Finland, India,

Poverty and famines. An essay on entitlement and deprivation [incl. case studies of famines in Bengal, Ethiopia, Sahel, and Bangladesh].

This book focuses on the causes of starvation in general and famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines is shown to be fundamentally defective, and the author develops an alternative