New spatial localization method using pulsed high-order field gradients (SHOT: Selection with High-Order gradienT).

Abstract

A new spatial localization method using an additional set of high-order magnetic field gradients is described. The method uses a nonlinear part of high-order magnetic field gradient patterns which allows us to select a volume in conjunction with the selective radiofrequency (RF) pulse. Unlike the other existing volume selection methods such as ISIS or SPARS, the proposed selection method requires only one RF-gradient pulse pair to select a volume in two directions. The center of the selected volume can be moved to any arbitrary location within the body by the addition of precalculated lower order gradients which are simultaneously pulsed with the high-order gradient. The method also has the potential for localized spectroscopy from the FID signal which can be realized by using oscillating second- and first-order gradients for 3D selection with a single RF pulse. By using the proposed localization method, it is possible to design more flexible pulse sequences, e.g., the shorter echo-time spectroscopic pulse sequence. We have designed and constructed a six-loop r2 (or x2 + y2) gradient coil for initial application. By simultaneously applying this second-order gradient and proper x, y, and/or z gradients, 2D selections were achieved in arbitrarily selected positions in conjunction with a single selective RF pulse. Phantom and animal experiments have been performed and the results appear promising, especially in areas of NMR spectroscopic imaging applications where spatial localization is essential.

Cite this paper

@article{Oh1991NewSL, title={New spatial localization method using pulsed high-order field gradients (SHOT: Selection with High-Order gradienT).}, author={C H Oh and Sadek K. Hilal and Z. H. Cho and In Ki Mun}, journal={Magnetic resonance in medicine}, year={1991}, volume={18 1}, pages={63-70} }