A simplified arthrotomographic technique has been performed successfully in more than 200 patients with symptoms referable to the temporomandibular joint. Soft-tissue abnormalities not detected by plain film radiography were demonstrated. Anterior meniscus displacement was the most significant finding in patients with unilateral pain and limitation of opening. New arthrographic observations and research imaging methods, including CT-assisted arthrography, are described. Leakage of contrast material along the lateral condylar neck in patients with anterior meniscus displacement suggests associated tearing of the lateral capsular attachment. Our results confirm that arthrography is a useful diagnostic procedure for suspected internal derangements of the temporomandibular joint.