New insights into the humic acid fouling mechanism of ultrafiltration membranes for different Ca2+ dosage ranges: results from micro- and macro-level analyses.

@article{Miao2018NewII,
  title={New insights into the humic acid fouling mechanism of ultrafiltration membranes for different Ca2+ dosage ranges: results from micro- and macro-level analyses.},
  author={Rui Miao and Ying Wu and Pei Wang and Gongzheng Wu and Lei Wang and Xingfei Li and Jiaxuan Wang and Yongtao Lv and Tingting Liu},
  journal={Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research},
  year={2018},
  volume={77 9-10},
  pages={
          2265-2273
        }
}
To reveal the mechanisms of the influence of Ca2+ on membrane fouling with humic acid (HA), the adhesion forces of HA with both other HA molecules and the membrane, the HA fouling layer structure, HA fouling experiments, and the HA rejections at a wide range of Ca2+ dosages were investigated. The results indicated that the effect of Ca2+ on HA fouling can… CONTINUE READING