Tendon routing resolving inverse kinematics for variable stiffness joint
In this paper we present various new insights on the effect intrinsic joint elasticity has on safety in pHRI. We address the fact that the intrinsic safety of elastic mechanisms has been discussed rather one sided in favor of this new designs and intend to give a more differentiated view on the problem. An important result is that intrinsic joint elasticity does not reduce the Head Injury Criterion or impact forces compared to conventional actuation with some considerable elastic behavior in the joint, if considering full scale robots. We also elaborate conditions under which intrinsically compliant actuation is potentially more dangerous than rigid one. Furthermore, we present collision detection and reaction schemes for such mechanisms and verify their effectiveness experimentally.