New insight into the causal linkage between economic expansion, FDI, coal consumption, pollutant emissions and urbanization in South Africa

@article{Joshua2020NewII,
  title={New insight into the causal linkage between economic expansion, FDI, coal consumption, pollutant emissions and urbanization in South Africa},
  author={Udi Joshua and F. Bekun and S. A. Sarkodie},
  journal={Environmental Science and Pollution Research},
  year={2020},
  volume={27},
  pages={18013-18024}
}
This study examines the relationship between foreign direct investment inflows and economic growth in a carbon function, by incorporating the role of urbanization, and coal consumption as additional variables to avoid omitted variable bias. The different order of integration from the unit root test suggested the adoption of a dynamic autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing procedure. The results confirmed the existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between the outlined series… Expand
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