New information on body size and cranial display structures of Pterodactylus antiquus, with a revision of the genus

@article{Bennett2012NewIO,
  title={New information on body size and cranial display structures of Pterodactylus antiquus, with a revision of the genus},
  author={S. Christopher Bennett},
  journal={Pal{\"a}ontologische Zeitschrift},
  year={2012},
  volume={87},
  pages={269-289}
}
  • S. Bennett
  • Published 1 June 2013
  • Biology
  • Paläontologische Zeitschrift
Pterodactylus antiquus has long been thought to have been quite small (~50 cm wingspan) and to have differed from P. longicollum, Ctenochasma, Germanodactylus, and Gnathosaurus in lacking a bony cranial crest, though a soft tissue crest and occipital lappet have been described. This article describes a new specimen of P. antiquus larger than all previously known specimens, which demonstrates that the species exceeded 1 m in wingspan and had a low bony cranial crest. A smaller, incipient crest… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

New postcranial elements of the Thalassodrominae (Pterodactyloidea, Tapejaridae) from the Romualdo Formation (Aptian–Albian), Santana Group, Araripe Basin, Brazil
TLDR
New postcranial material from the Romualdo Formation (Aptian-Albian) from the Araripe Basin is described, which is the most complete postc Cranial material assigned to the Thalassodrominae described so far.
Cranial Morphology of a Scaphognathus-Like Pterosaur, Jianchangnathus robustus, Based on a New Fossil from the Tiaojishan Formation of Western Liaoning, China
TLDR
As a significant pterosaur assemblage before the Solnhofen Limestone, the Tiaojishan Formation provides a new perspective in understanding the evolution and diversity of the non-pterodactyloids.
The first pterosaur basihyal, shedding light on the evolution and function of pterosaur hyoid apparatuses
TLDR
A new pterosaur specimen is revealed, including the first definite basihyal, and the function of the Y-shaped istiodactylid tongue bone is similar to those of scavenger crows rather than chameleons, consistent with the interpretation of the scavenging behavior of this taxon.
Braincase Anatomy of Pterodaustro guinazui, Pterodactyloid Pterosaur from the Lower Cretaceous Of Argentina
ABSTRACT The braincase anatomy of pterosaurs is poorly known because this region of the skull is rarely preserved, particularly in basal pterodactyloid pterosaurs (Archaeopterodactyloidea). We
A review of two large Jurassic pterodactyloid specimens from the Solnhofen of southern Germany
Two incomplete wings recovered independently from the Jurassic limestone of southern Germany are among the largest pterodactyloid fossils known from the region. Biometric observations of the long
New smallest specimen of the pterosaur Pteranodon and ontogenetic niches in pterosaurs
TLDR
Evidence is presented that most other pterosaurs (e.g., Rhamphorhynchus, Pterodactylus, Anhanguera) also exhibited various ontogenetic niches, which suggests that pterosaur taxonomic diversity was rather low, like that of crocodilians.
An unusual edentulous pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous Romualdo Formation of Brazil
Numerous taxa make up the Early Cretaceous fauna of Brazil, including Ornithocheiroidea, Tapejaridae, Thalassodromidae, Chaoyangopteridae and a purported member of Azhdarchidae. Dsungaripteridae has
Nurhachius luei, a new istiodactylid pterosaur (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Chaoyang City, Liaoning Province (China) and comments on the Istiodactylidae
A new istiodactylid pterosaur, Nurhachius luei sp. nov., is here reported based on a complete skull with mandible and some cervical vertebrae from the lower part of the Jiufotang Formation of western
Using taphonomy to infer differences in soft tissues between taxa: an example using basal and derived forms of Solnhofen pterosaurs
TLDR
A semi-quantitative analysis comparing skeletal articulation and completeness of the pterodactyloid PterodACTylus and non-pterodactyoid pterosaur Rhamphorhynchus from Solnhofen-type deposits implies there were anatomical differences between soft-tissue structure and attachments articulating skeletal joints of each.
A New Archaeopterodactyloid Pterosaur from the Jiufotang Formation of Western Liaoning, China, with a Comparison of Sterna in Pterodactylomorpha
TLDR
The sternum of Forfexopterus is nearly complete and provides the first incontrovertible evidence about the position of sternocoracoid articulations in the Archaeopterodactyloidea.
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
JUVENILE SPECIMENS OF THE PTEROSAUR GERMANODACTYLUS CRISTATUS, WITH A REVIEW OF THE GENUS
TLDR
The specimens from the Solnhofen Limestone of southern Germany support the interpretation that the cranial crest developed late in ontogeny, probably as the individual approached skeletal and/or sexual maturity.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SKULL OF A CTENOCHASMA (PTEROSAURIA) FROM THE LATEST JURASSIC OF EASTERN FRANCE, WITH A TAXONOMIC REVISION OF EUROPEAN TITHONIAN PTERODACTYLOIDEA
TLDR
This study points out a biological anomaly: all the teeth are not present in a hatching pterosaur, but their number increase progressively during growth, with new teeth erupting from the front of the jaws in Ctenochasma elegans.
Discovery of a rare arboreal forest-dwelling flying reptile (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) from China
A previously undescribed toothless flying reptile from northeastern China, Nemicolopterus crypticus gen. et sp. nov., was discovered in the lacustrine sediments of the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang
The oldest azhdarchoid pterosaur from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen Limestone (Early Tithonian) of Southern Germany
Based on an almost complete three-dimensionally preserved skeleton, a new genus and species of an azhdarchoid pterosaur Aurorazhdarcho primordius n.gen. n.sp. from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen
On the taxonomic status of Cycnorhamphus and Gallodactylus (Pterosauria; Pterodactyloidea)
FIGURE 1-1, Specimen of Pentremites robustus Lyon, x 1. 2, adjoining enlarged thin section, showing the rarely preserved, porous, mesh-like nature of hydrospires, x 20; specimen (Figure 1.1) borrowed
Size-independent criteria for estimating relative age in Ophiacodon and Dimetrodon (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) from the Admiral and lower Belle Plains formations of west-central Texas
TLDR
The pattern of ossification of the humerus of Ophiacodon and of the Humerus, femur, and ulna of Dimetrodon are described and stages in the development of these bones are defined.
A STATISTICAL STUDY OF RHAMPHORHYNCHUS FROM THE SOLNHOFEN LIMESTONE OF GERMANY: YEAR-CLASSES OF A SINGLE LARGE SPECIES
TLDR
It is shown that the five nominal species of Rhamphorhynchus were based on characters related to size and ontogeny, and represent juveniles, subadults, and adults of a single large species.
The history of Late Jurassic pterosaurs housed in Hungarian collections and the revision of the holotype of Pterodactylus micronyx Meyer 1856 (a ‘Pester Exemplar’)
Abstract The history and scientific significance of three Late Jurassic pterosaur specimens housed in different Hungarian palaeontological collections are described. One of these is the holotype of
Ontogeny and Archaeopteryx
TLDR
The authors considered the characters that Elzanowski (2002) had used to separate the Berlin, Solnhofen, and Munich specimens from A. lithographica, interpreted many of them as ontogenetic characters and rejected them, and concluded that in the absence of evidence to the contrary the six skeletal specimens they analyzed should be viewed as a growth series of A. grandis.
SOFT TISSUE PRESERVATION OF THE CRANIAL CREST OF THE PTEROSAUR GERMANODACTYLUS FROM SOLNHOFEN
TLDR
Comparison of this specimen with other Solnhofen pterodactyloids with premaxillary crests suggests that all had soft tissues increasing the size of the crest in life.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...