New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide

Abstract

Plant functional traits are the features (morphological, physiological, phenological) that represent ecological strategies and determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels and influence ecosystem properties. Variation in plant functional traits, and trait syndromes, has proven useful for tacklingmany important ecological questions at a range of scales, giving rise to a demand for standardised ways to measure ecologically meaningful plant traits. This line of research has been among the most fruitful avenues for understanding ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes. It also has the potential both to build a predictive set of local, regional and global relationships between plants and environment and to quantify a wide range of natural and human-driven processes, including changes in biodiversity, the impacts of species invasions, alterations in biogeochemical processes and vegetation–atmosphere interactions. The importance of these topics dictates the urgent need for more and better data, and increases the value of standardised protocols for quantifying trait variation of different species, in particular for traitswith power to predict plantand ecosystemlevel processes, and for traits that can be measured relatively easily. Updated and expanded from the widely used previous version, this handbook retains the focus on clearly presented,widely applicable, step-by-step recipes,with aminimumof text on theory, and not only includes updated methods for the traits previously covered, but also introduces many new protocols for further traits. This new handbook has a better balance between whole-plant traits, leaf traits, root and stem traits and regenerative traits, and puts particular emphasis on traits important for predicting species’ effects on key ecosystem properties.Wehope this newhandbookbecomes a standard companion in local andglobal efforts to learn about the responses and impacts of different plant species with respect to environmental changes in the present, past and future. Additional keywords: biodiversity, ecophysiology, ecosystem dynamics, ecosystem functions, environmental change, plant morphology. Received 23 November 2011, accepted 29 January 2013, published online 26 April 2013

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@inproceedings{NPrezHarguindeguy2013NewHF, title={New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide}, author={N.P{\'e}rez-Harguindeguy and S.D{\'i}az and E.Garnier and Sandra Lavorel and Hendrik Poorter and Pedro Jaureguiberry and Marion S. Bret-Harte and Will K. Cornwell and Joseph M. Craine and Diego Ezequiel Gurvich and Carlos Urcelay and Erik J. Veneklaas and Peter B. Reich and Lourens Poorter and Ian J Wright and Puja Ray and Lucas Enrico and Juli G. Pausas and Arjen Coenraad de Vos and Nina Buchmann and Gregorio Funes and Fabien Qu{\'e}tier and John Graeme Hodgson and Katy S Thompson and Hans ter Steege and M.G and A. van derHeijden and Lawren Sack and Benjamin Blonder and Peter Poschlod and Mar{\'i}a Victoria Vaieretti and Georgina Conti and A Carla Staver and Simone Aquino and Hans Cornelissen}, year={2013} }