New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany

  title={New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany},
  author={N. Conard and M. Malina and S. Muenzel},
  • N. Conard, M. Malina, S. Muenzel
  • Published 2009
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature
  • Considerable debate surrounds claims for early evidence of music in the archaeological record. Researchers universally accept the existence of complex musical instruments as an indication of fully modern behaviour and advanced symbolic communication but, owing to the scarcity of finds, the archaeological record of the evolution and spread of music remains incomplete. Although arguments have been made for Neanderthal musical traditions and the presence of musical instruments in Middle… CONTINUE READING
    278 Citations

    Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper.

    Explore Further: Topics Discussed in This Paper

    Music and sound-related archaeological artefacts from southern Africa from the last 10,000 years
    The origins of music
    • 6
    • Highly Influenced
    A multi-disciplinary approach to the origins of music: perspectives from anthropology, archaeology, cognition and behaviour.
    • Iain Morley
    • Medicine, Psychology
    • Journal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di antropologia : JASS
    • 2014
    • 19
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Musical origins and the stone Age evolution of flutes
    • 2014
    • 5
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF


    Radiocarbon dating the late Middle Paleolithic and the Aurignacian of the Swabian Jura.
    • 93
    • PDF
    When Neanderthals and modern humans met
    • 127
    • PDF
    At the end of the 14C time scale--the Middle to Upper Paleolithic record of western Eurasia.
    • 95
    • PDF