New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany

  title={New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany},
  author={Nicholas J. Conard and Maria Malina and Susanne M{\"u}nzel},
Considerable debate surrounds claims for early evidence of music in the archaeological record. Researchers universally accept the existence of complex musical instruments as an indication of fully modern behaviour and advanced symbolic communication but, owing to the scarcity of finds, the archaeological record of the evolution and spread of music remains incomplete. Although arguments have been made for Neanderthal musical traditions and the presence of musical instruments in Middle… 
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Musical instruments provide information about the formation of complex behavior of Early Modern Man. Evidence of musical creativity in the archaeological cultures of the Early Upper Paleolithic is
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Musical instruments provide material evidence to study the diversity and technical innovation of music in space and time. We employed a cultural evolutionary perspective to analyse organological data
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It is not possible in the brief time available here to adequately explore Laurence Picken’s influence on music’s archaeology, but it undoubtedly runs deep and it runs subtle. The writer T. E.
First record of the sound produced by the oldest Upper Paleolithic seashell horn
Here, it is demonstrated that the Magdalenian occupants of this site transformed this shell into a wind instrument, one of the very rare examples, if not the only one for the Paleolithic period, of a musical instrument fashioned from a large shell, and the first conch shell of this use thus far discovered.
A multi-disciplinary approach to the origins of music: perspectives from anthropology, archaeology, cognition and behaviour.
  • I. Morley
  • Psychology
    Journal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di antropologia : JASS
  • 2014
It is proposed that at their most fundamental level musical behaviours are forms of deliberate metrically-organised gesture, and constitute a specialised use of systems dedicated to the expression and comprehension of social and emotional information between individuals.
The Oldest Portable Art: the Aurignacian Ivory Figurines from the Swabian Jura (Southwest Germany)
Four cave sites in the Swabian Jura have yielded a spectacular array of portable art: Hohle Fels, Geisenklosterle, Vogelherd, and Hohlenstein-Stadel. Some of these ivory figurines are well known, and
Split-based points from the Swabian Jura highlight Aurignacian regional signatures
This study documents the life histories of osseous tools and demonstrates templates for manufacture, use, recycling, and discard of these archetypal artifacts from the Aurignacian, and underlines the diversified repertoire of modern humans in cultural and technological realms highlighting their adaptive capabilities.


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In recent years, there has been a tendency to correlate the origin of modern culture and language with that of anatomically modern humans. Here we discuss this correlation in the light of results
A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany
  • N. Conard
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2009
The discovery of a female mammoth-ivory figurine in the basal Aurignacian deposit at Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany during excavations in 2008 is reported, making it one of the oldest known examples of figurative art.
When Neanderthals and modern humans met
W Neanderthals and Modern Humans Met comprises 20 papers first presented in the context of a conference held in Tübingen in 2004 on the nature of the interactions between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons
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The discovery of a perforated cave-bear femur from the Neanderthal levels at Divje Babe has been interpreted as the oldest musical instrument in Europe. Here we present the current discussion on the
Thermoluminescence, Electron Spin Resonance and14C-dating of the Late Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic Site of Geißenklösterle Cave in Southern Germany
Abstract Thermoluminescence (TL) dating of burnt silex (flint, chert), electron spin resonance (ESR) dating of teeth and 14 C-accelerator-mass-spectrometry (AMS) dating of bones has been carried out
Les flûtes paléolithiques d'Isturitz (Pyrénées-Atlantiques)
RESUME La grotte d'isturitz (Pyrenees-Atlantiques) a ete fouillee entre 1912 et 1922 par E. Passemard. De 1928 a 1950, R. et S. de Saint-Perier y ont repris des fouilles qui ont ete menees jusqu'en