New evidence on the earliest human presence at high northern latitudes in northeast Asia

  title={New evidence on the earliest human presence at high northern latitudes in northeast Asia},
  author={Ruiyan Zhu and Richard Potts and Fei Xie and K. A. Hoffman and Chenglong Deng and C. D. Shi and Y. Pan and H. Q. Wang and Ruiping Shi and Y. C. Wang and Guanghai Shi and N. Q. Wu},
The timing of early human dispersal to Asia is a central issue in the study of human evolution. Excavations in predominantly lacustrine sediments at Majuangou, Nihewan basin, north China, uncovered four layers of indisputable hominin stone tools. Here we report magnetostratigraphic results that constrain the age of the four artefact layers to an interval of nearly 340,000 yr between the Olduvai subchron and the Cobb Mountain event. The lowest layer, about 1.66 million years old (Myr), provides… 
Early evidence of the genus Homo in East Asia.
New high-resolution magnetostratigraphic results that place stringent age controls on excavated hominin incisors and stone tools from the Yuanmou Basin, southwest China show the age of the earliest documented presence of Homo, with affinities to Homo erectus, in mainland East Asia.
New evidence for early presence of hominids in North China
A high-resolution magnetostratigraphic dating of the Shangshazui Paleolithic site that was found in the northeastern Nihewan Basin is reported, yielding an estimated age of ca 1.7–1.6 Ma, providing new evidence for hominid occupation in North China in the earliest Pleistocene.
ESR dating of Pleistocene archaeological localities of the Nihewan Basin, North China – Preliminary results
Abstract The well-developed, late Cenozoic Nihewan Beds in northern China are amongst the most famous and well-preserved Quaternary strata in East Asia. The Nihewan Basin is also well-known for its
Magnetostratigraphic dating of the hominin occupation of Bailong Cave, central China
These findings indicate the flourishing of early humans in mainland East Asia during the Mid-Pleistocene climate transition (MPT), and suggest that early humans were adapted to diverse and variable environments over a broad latitudinal range during the MPT, from temperate northern China to subtropical southern China.
The Earliest Hominin Occupations in the Nihewan Basin of Northern China: Recent Progress in Field Investigations
The Nihewan Basin of northern China has been a focus of Pleistocene geological, paleontological, and archaeological studies since the early part of the last century. In the past 10 years, the
Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe
It is shown that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe >0.78 Myr ago when they were able to survive at the southern edge of the boreal zone, which has significant implications for the understanding of early human behaviour, adaptation and survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.
Isochron 26Al/10Be burial dating of Xihoudu: Evidence for the earliest human settlement in northern China
Abstract The mainstream school of human evolution posits that Homo erectus was the earliest species to leave Africa at ∼1.85 million years (Ma) ago. Recent discoveries from the Shangchen
An archeological view for the presence of early humans in China
Abstract Based on several of the earliest sites (Yuanmou, Renzidong, Longgudong, and Longgupo) in southern China, this article is a general review of some recent discoveries of archaeological
Early human settlements in the southern Qinling Mountains, central China
Abstract China is a key area of early human settlement in East Asia, with numerous Paleolithic localities indicating an early Pleistocene presence of hominins in northern and southern China.
Early Pleistocene archaeological occurrences at the Feiliang site, and the archaeology of human origins in the Nihewan Basin, North China
The bone assemblage suggests that hominin occupation of the Feiliang (FL) site was in an open habitat of temperate grassland with areas of steppe and water, and Magnetostratigraphic dating results show that early humans occupied the site ca.


Earliest presence of humans in northeast Asia
Detailed magnetostratigraphic results on two exposed parallel sections of lacustrine sediments at Xiaochangliang in the Nihewan Basin, north China place stringent controls on the age of Palaeolithic stone artifacts that were originally reported over two decades ago.
Magnetostratigraphic dating of early humans in China
Abstract China is a key area for research into human occupation in the Old World after the initial expansion of early humans out of Africa. Reliable age determinations are pivotal for assessing the
Early Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar ages for Bapang Formation hominins, Central Jawa, Indonesia
  • R. Larick, R. Ciochon, +6 authors M. Heizler
  • Geology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
This work investigates the sedimentary framework and hornblende 40Ar/39Ar age for volcanic deposits in the southeast quadrant of the Sangiran dome, and identifies a sequence of sedimentary cycles in which H. erectus fossils are associated with epiclastic pumice.
Early hominid activities at Olduvai
The earliest sites at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania are among the best documented and most important for studies of human evolution. This book investigates the behavior of hominids at Olduvai using data
Earliest Pleistocene hominid cranial remains from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia: taxonomy, geological setting, and age.
Paleontological, archaeological, geochronological, and paleomagnetic data from Dmanisi all indicate an earliest Pleistocene age of about 1.7 million years ago, supporting correlation of the new specimens with the Koobi Fora fossils.
Age of the earliest known hominids in Java, Indonesia.
The hominid fossils, a juvenile calvaria of Pithecanthropus and a partial face and cranial fragments of Meganthropus, commonly considered part of the Asian Homo erectus hypodigm, are at least 0.6 million years older than fossils referred to as Homo erectu from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, and comparable in age with the oldest Koobi Fora Homo cf.
New magnetostratigraphic dates of Lantian Homo erectus
Skeletal remains of Homo erectus found in Pleistocene loess at two sites near Lantian in central China are of greatly different geologic age. The cranium found in the fossil-bearing strata at
Astronomically tuned Plio–Pleistocene benthic δ 18 O record from South China Sea and Atlantic–Pacific comparison
Based on benthic foraminiferal N 18 O from ODP Site 1143, a 5-Myr astronomical timescale for the West Pacific Plio^Pleistocene was established using an automatic orbital tuning method. The tuned
Paleolandscape variation and early pleistocene hominid activities: members 1 and 7, Olorgesailie formation, Kenya.
Examples drawn from East African Pliocene and early Pleistocene sites suggest that evolutionary change in land use entailed wider ranging of hominids and longer distances of stone transport, expansion of tool-assisted behaviors to a wider diversity of environmental settings, and more strongly focused placement of particular artefact forms in different areas of the landscape in response to specific environmental features.
Human Roots*: Africa and Asia in the Middle Pleistocene
1 After 'After the Australopithecines' Hilary J Deacon 2 Mid-Pleistocene environmental change and human evolution Richard Potts 3 Mode 3, Homo helmei, and the pattern of human evolution in the Middle