New evidence for the processing of wild cereal grains at Ohalo II, a 23 000-year-old campsite on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel

  title={New evidence for the processing of wild cereal grains at Ohalo II, a 23 000-year-old campsite on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel},
  author={Dani Nadel and Dolores R. Piperno and Irene Holst and Ainit Snir and Ehud Weiss},
  pages={990 - 1003}
Traces of starch found on a large flat stone discovered in the hunter-fisher-gatherer site of Ohalo II famously represent the first identification of Upper Palaeolithic grinding of grasses. Given the importance of this discovery for the use of edible grain, further analyses have now been undertaken. Meticulous sampling combined with good preservation allow the authors to demonstrate that the Ohalo II stone was certainly used for the routine processing of wild cereals, wheat, barley and now oats… 
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Starch grain and phytolith analyses of dental calculus from 61 Mesolithic and Early Neolithic individuals from five sites in the Danube Gorges show that certain species of Poaceae were used since the Early Mesolithic, while ground stone tools exhibit traces of a developed grass grain processing technology.
Multistep food plant processing at Grotta Paglicci (Southern Italy) around 32,600 cal B.P.
The study clearly indicates that the exploitation of plant resources was very important for hunter–gatherer populations, to the point that the Early Gravettian inhabitants of Paglicci were able to process food plants and already possessed a wealth of knowledge that was to become widespread after the dawn of agriculture.
The development of plant food processing in the Levant: insights from use-wear analysis of Early Epipalaeolithic ground stone tools
  • L. Dubreuil, D. Nadel
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2015
Investigating plant food preparation in mobile hunter-gatherer societies from the Southern Levant indicates that the production of flour was a sporadic activity at Ohalo II, predating by thousands of years the onset of routine processing of plant foods.
Archaeobotanical evidence reveals the origins of bread 14,400 years ago in northeastern Jordan
Analysis of charred food remains from Shubayqa 1, a Natufian hunter-gatherer site located in northeastern Jordan, provides empirical data to demonstrate that the preparation and consumption of bread-like products predated the emergence of agriculture by at least 4,000 years.
Epipaleolithic hunter-gatherers are often interpreted as playing an important role in the development of early cereal cultivation and subsequent farming economies in the Levant. This focus has come
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Composite Sickles and Cereal Harvesting Methods at 23,000-Years-Old Ohalo II, Israel
Use-wear analysis of five glossed flint blades found at Ohalo II, a 23,000-years-old fisher-hunter-gatherers’ camp on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Northern Israel, provides the earliest evidence
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Abstract While we know that cereals played an important role in the diet of Linearbandkeramik (LBK) and Blicquy/Villeneuve-Saint-Germain (BVSG) populations in the Paris Basin, many questions remain


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More than 16 000 grains of small-grained grasses were retrieved at Ohalo II, a submerged 23 000-year-old site on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. The grains were part of a very large
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The authors have identified starch grains belonging to wild plants on the surface of a stone from the Gravettian hunter-gatherer campsite of Bilancino (Florence, Italy), dated to around 25000bp. The
Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis
The earliest direct evidence for human processing of grass seeds, including barley and possibly wheat, in the form of starch grains recovered from a ground stone artefact from the Upper Palaeolithic site of Ohalo II in Israel is reported.
Thirty thousand-year-old evidence of plant food processing
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