New evidence for massive pollution and mortality in Europe in 1783-1784 may have bearing on global change and mass extinctions

@article{Courtillot2005NewEF,
  title={New evidence for massive pollution and mortality in Europe in 1783-1784 may have bearing on global change and mass extinctions},
  author={Vincent Courtillot},
  journal={Comptes Rendus Geoscience},
  year={2005},
  volume={337},
  pages={635-637}
}
  • V. Courtillot
  • Published 1 May 2005
  • Environmental Science
  • Comptes Rendus Geoscience

Responses of large volcanic eruptions in the instrumental and documentary climatic data over Central Europe

Responses of large volcanic eruptions in selected long temperature series from Austria, the Czech Republic and Germany as well as in three global radiation series in Central Europe are studied. In

Meteors and perceptions of environmental change in the annus mirabilis AD1783-4

The years 1783 and 1784 experienced a remarkable concentration of natural disasters with volcanic eruptions in Iceland, Italy and Japan, large earthquakes in Italy, floods in central Europe and

Observations on the connection between glacial phases, natural catastrophes and economic trends of the last millennium in Italy

TLDR
It is found that the natural catastrophes concentrate in the periods of ice expansion in Europe, whereas the phenomena are in attenuation in the current phase of global warming.

Volcanic hazards in Iceland

Volcanic eruptions are common in Iceland with individual volcanic events occurring on average at a 3-4 year interval, with small eruptions( 10 km 3 DRE) occur at a 500-1000 year interval. Despite the

The impact of the 1783-1784 AD Laki eruption on global aerosol formation processes and cloud condensation nuclei

Abstract. The 1783–1784 AD Laki flood lava eruption commenced on 8 June 1783 and released 122 Tg of sulphur dioxide gas over the course of 8 months into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere

Edinburgh Explorer The impact of the 1783-1784 AD Laki eruption on global aerosol formation processes and cloud condensation nuclei

. The 1783–1784 AD Laki flood lava eruption commenced on 8 June 1783 and released 122 Tg of sulphur dioxide gas over the course of 8 months into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere above

The 'Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures' of Benjamin Franklin

On the 22 December 1784 an essay by the American polymath Benjamin Franklin was presented to a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. This extraordinary essay entitled

Laki eruption impact on global CCN

  • 2010

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES

Atmospheric and environmental effects of the 1783-1784 Laki eruption: A review and reassessment

[1] The 1783–1784 Laki flood lava eruption in Iceland emitted ∼122 megatons (Mt) SO2 into the atmosphere and maintained a sulfuric aerosol veil that hung over the Northern Hemisphere for >5 months.

On the ages of flood basalt events

On the ages of flood basalt events Sur l ’ âge des trapps basaltiques

We review available data constraining the extent, volume, age and duration of all major Phanerozoic continental flood basalts (CFB or traps) and oceanic plateaus (OP), together forming the group of

Earth dynamics and climate changes

The Roza Member, Columbia River Basalt Group: A gigantic pahoehoe lava flow field formed by endogenous processes?

We present studies on the physical volcanology of the ∼15 Ma Roza Member of the Wanapum Formation in the Columbia River Basalt Group. The Roza Member represents a compound pahoehoe flood basalt lava

Illness and elevated human mortality in Europe coincident with the Laki Fissure eruption

Abstract Volcanic eruptions represent a significant source of volatile gases that are harmful to human health. This chapter reviews and develops current understanding of the human health response to

Volcanic eruptions and climate

Volcanic eruptions are an important natural cause of climate change on many timescales. A new capability to predict the climatic response to a large tropical eruption for the succeeding 2 years will

Iceland's Doomsday Scenario?

  • R. Stone
  • Environmental Science
    Science
  • 2004
VOLCANOLOGYSKAFTARTUNGA, ICELAND-- The more researchers learn about the unheralded Laki eruption of 1783, the more they see a need to prepare for a reprise that could include fluoride poisoning and