New directions in equity research.

  title={New directions in equity research.},
  author={Elaine C. Walster and Ellen Berscheid and G. William Walster},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
This article consists of four sections: The first section elucidates a general theory of social behavior—equity theory. Equity theory consists of four propositions designed to predict when individuals will perceive that they are justly treated and how they will react when they find themselves enmeshed in unjust relationships. The second section summarizes the extensive research that has been conducted to lest equity theory. The third section points out the ways in which equity theory interlocks… 

Figures from this paper

Levels of Interest in the Study of Interpersonal Justice
The period following 1976 ought to have been the halcyon years of equity theory. The year 1976 stands as a landmark, because in that year, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology devoted an entire
Approaching Equity and Avoiding Inequity in Groups and Organizations
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the relations between distributive justice and status congruence. The equity theory predicts that, relative to equitably paid persons, persons who are
Moral Evaluation in Intimate Relationships
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the important issues related to friendship and fairness. It presents some tentative answers to questions that arise when one begins to confront moral
Participants' reactions to “Equity with the world”
Abstract According to traditional Equity theory, the injustices that an individual encounters in one relationship should not affect his other relationships. By definition, the equitableness of one
Equity and Social Exchange in Human Relationships
Publisher Summary Equity is used to define a set of organizational rules and procedures by which authority is legitimatized in bureaucracies. It is conceptualized in more abstract and functional
Equity With The World: The Trans-Relational Effects of Equity and Inequity*
Traditional equity theory assumes that individuals attempt to maintain "Person-specific Equity. " Austin (1974) proposes that individuals are also concerned about the amount of net equity they
Understanding Stakeholder Action: Equity and Expectancy Considerations
In this study, I address the general research question, "What are the conditions under which stakeholders will take action against an organization?" I respond to this question by acknowledging that a
On Mediating Equity, Equality, and Self-Interest: The Role of Self-Presentation in Social Exchange.
Abstract Do individuals conform to various norms of reward allocation not necessarily in response to internal standards but rather, to win approval from relevant others? This study examined the role
What We Deserve: The Moral Origins of Economic Inequality and Our Policy Responses to It
This dissertation is about economic inequality and why it thrives in a country with professedly egalitarian values. I propose that people's economic behavior and policy preferences are largely driven
Functional Justice: Productivity and Well-Being Goals Define Fairness
Theories of distributive justice have identified at least three principles on which allocations can be based – equity, equality, and need. Morton Deutsch linked individual use of these principles to


Inequity In Social Exchange
Publisher Summary The process of exchange is almost continual in human interactions, and appears to have characteristics peculiar to itself, and to generate affect, motivation, and behavior that
A Theory of Social Comparison Processes
Hypothesis I: There exists, in the human organism, a drive to evaluate his opinions and his abilities. While opinions and abilities may, at first glance, seem to be quite different things, there is a
The role of financial compensation in industrial motivation.
Theories and research studies related to the effects of financial compensation on employee motivation are reviewed and critically evaluated to lead eventually to a sound theory of money and employee motivation from which more effective and more behaviorally relevant compensation practices may be derived.
Changes in interpersonal perception as a means of reducing cognitive dissonance.
The present experiment is both an extension of the above considerations into the area of person perception and an investigation of an alternative mode of dissonance reduction which has largely been ignored in experimental predictions from dissonance theory: the possibility of withdrawing or canceling out one's discrepant behavior instead of showing accommodating changes in attitude.
Structural balance: a generalization of Heider's theory.
Heider (19), reflecting the general field-theoretical approach, has considered certain aspects of cognitive fields which contain perceived people and impersonal objects or events.
Techniques of neutralization: A theory of delinquency.
IN attempting to uncover the roots of juvenile delinquency, the social scientist has long since ceased to search for devils in the mind or stigma of the body. It is now largely agreed that delinquent
Preferences among forms of equity
Abstract S s were presented with fictitious work situations in which they had to make forced choices among three forms of equity (Own, Comparison, Own/Comparison) and three forms of discrepant
The relationship of worker productivity to cognitive dissonance about wage inequities.
2 hypotheses derived from dissonance theory were tested: (a) when a person is paid by the hour his productivity will be greater when he perceives his pay as inequitably large than when identical pay
Equity theory: A review and critique.
Abstract The theoretical precision and research related to equity theory, as it is conceived by Adams, are reviewed. While equity theory is a significant step forward, the theory itself needs further
It is proposed that correspondence between people's norms and their behavior can be expected only when pertinent norms are activated in the choice situation, and that activation depends upon how