New developments in patient-controlled postoperative analgesia.

Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a newer technique for pain management. Patients are allowed to self-administer small analgesic bolus doses into a running intravenous infusion, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or even into the epidural space. Demands are usually controlled by computer-driven infusion pumps, but can also be delivered by disposable… (More)