New definition of resistant starch types from the gut microbiota perspectives - a review.

@article{Li2022NewDO,
  title={New definition of resistant starch types from the gut microbiota perspectives - a review.},
  author={Cheng Li and Yiming Hu},
  journal={Critical reviews in food science and nutrition},
  year={2022},
  pages={
          1-11
        }
}
  • Cheng Li, Yiming Hu
  • Published 25 January 2022
  • Biology
  • Critical reviews in food science and nutrition
Current definition of resistant starch (RS) types is largely based on their interactions with digestive enzymes from human upper gastrointestinal tract. However, this is frequently inadequate to reflect their effects on the gut microbiota, which is an important mechanism for RS to fulfill its function to improve human health. Distinct shifts of gut microbiota compositions and alterations of fermented metabolites could be resulted by the consumption of RS from the same type. This review… 
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TLDR
The results demonstrate that RS2 and RS4 show functional differences in their effect on human fecal microbiota composition, indicating that the chemical structure of RS determines its accessibility by groups of colonic bacteria.
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TLDR
The findings suggest that RS polymorph B may promote large bowel health and raise the possibility of using different thermal processing to delineate differences in the prebiotic capabilities of RS, especially its butryrogenicity in the human colon.
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TLDR
Overall, RS as low as 0.44% from cooked rice can modulate gut microbiome in mice, which correlated to a protective effect against deleterious effects of an obesogenic diet.
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TLDR
The results suggested that the form of RS was the main factor affecting the physiological function of RS and that RS5, as a recently recognized form of resistant starch, could be a better functional ingredient to improve health compared with RS2 and RS3.
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TLDR
The heterogeneous responses in butyrate concentrations upon RS supplementation are documented and characteristic of the microbiota that appear to underlie this variation are identified.
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