Literature over the past decade has suggested that dental caries be treated as a curable and preventable infectious disease. The emphasis is placed on early detection and intervention, including chemical therapies and minimally invasive strategies. There are now new detection technologies commercially available to help detect carious lesions early; however, what seems to be lacking is a clear strategy on how to merge these new technologies in a way consistent with today's changing paradigm of caries management. There is a real danger that these early detection technologies may be used to unnecessarily and overaggressively "drill and fill" using Black's "extension for prevention" preparations. This paper will review the literature and key strategies for caries management and early detection and suggest one way (not necessarily the only way) in which they may be used in harmony. Two relatively new detection technologies (DIAGNOdent and DIFOTI) will be reviewed.