New antiplatelet strategies in atherothrombosis and their indications.

Abstract

Antiplatelet agents (APA) are used to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events in various settings. When used for secondary prevention, antiplatelet monotherapy is associated with a relative risk reduction of such ischemic events of 25% compared to a placebo. New strategies are based on dual APA therapy. Aspirin-clopidogrel combination therapy is effective in situations of acute vessel injury such as myocardial infarction, coronary stenting and, possibly, peripheral stenting. GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors and loading doses of clopidogrel also have a place in these acute settings. In contrast, the aspirin-clopidogrel combination has proven disappointing in stable patients with cardiovascular disease, with no beneficial effect and, often, more bleeding events. Combination therapy with aspirin and extended-release dipyridamole may be more beneficial than very low doses of aspirin in ischemic stroke, but its use is limited by adverse effects. Overall, aspirin remains the first-line monotherapy of choice for patients with atherothrombosis, while clopidogrel is a valuable alternative. New antiplatelet strategies are in the pipeline, and clinically relevant laboratory tests of APA response may soon help to tailor treatment.

Cite this paper

@article{Fontana2007NewAS, title={New antiplatelet strategies in atherothrombosis and their indications.}, author={Pierre Fontana and Jean-Luc Reny}, journal={European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery}, year={2007}, volume={34 1}, pages={10-7} }