New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia

  title={New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia},
  author={James Maurice Bowler and Harvey Johnston and Jon M. Olley and John Russell Prescott and Richard G. Roberts and Wilfred Shawcross and Nigel A. Spooner},
Australia's oldest human remains, found at Lake Mungo, include the world's oldest ritual ochre burial (Mungo III) and the first recorded cremation (Mungo I). Until now, the importance of these finds has been constrained by limited chronologies and palaeoenvironmental information. Mungo III, the source of the world's oldest human mitochondrial DNA, has been variously estimated at 30 thousand years (kyr) old, 42–45 kyr old and 62 ± 6 kyr old, while radiocarbon estimates placed the Mungo I… 
Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago
The results of new excavations conducted at Madjedbebe, a rock shelter in northern Australia, set a new minimum age of around 65,000 years ago for the arrival of humans in Australia, the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa, and the subsequent interactions ofmodern humans with Neanderthals and Denisovans.
Last glacial megafaunal death assemblage and early human occupation at Lake Menindee, southeastern Australia
The Mungo Mega-Lake Event, Semi-Arid Australia: Non-Linear Descent into the Last Ice Age, Implications for Human Behaviour
Evidence is identified at Lake Mungo for a previously unrecognised short-lived, very high lake filling phase at 24 ka, just prior to the Last Glacial Maximum, which indicates a non-linear transition to more arid ice age conditions.
Prolonged coexistence of humans and megafauna in Pleistocene Australia.
Geochemical evidence is presented that demonstrates the coexistence of humans and now-extinct megafaunal species on the Australian continent for a minimum of 15 ka and would effectively refute the rapid-overkill model and necessitate reconsideration of the regional impacts of global climatic change on megafauna and humans in the lead up to the last glacial maximum.
Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia
New stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua is reported that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype, or the time of last appearance of this species.
The long and the short of it: Archaeological approaches to determining when humans first colonised Australia and New Guinea
Abstract Despite significant advances in radiometric dating technologies over the last 15 years, and concerted efforts in that time to locate and date new sites and redate known sites in Australia
Hunters of the Ice Age: The biology of Upper Paleolithic people.
  • B. Holt, V. Formicola
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2008
Key studies about the biology of Upper Paleolithic populations are reviewed based primarily on European samples, but integrating information from other areas of the Old World whenever possible, to help clarify the effects of the Last Glacial Maximum.
Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia
Dating by radiocarbon, luminescence, uranium-series and electron spin resonance methods indicates that H. floresiensis existed from before 38,000 years ago (kyr) until at least 18 kyr, and originated from an early dispersal of Homo erectus that reached Flores and then survived on this island refuge until relatively recently.


Pleistocene human remains from Australia: a living site and human cremation from Lake Mungo, Western New South Wales.
The Mungo typology changes little in south‐eastern Australia until about 6,000 years ago, and the diet is similar to that recorded in the ethnographic record, which shows some resemblances to Australian Aborigines, but there are also some palaeo‐Australian features.
Early Human Occupation at Devil's Lair, Southwestern Australia 50,000 Years Ago
Abstract New dating confirms that people occupied the Australian continent before the earliest time inferred from conventional radiocarbon analysis. Many of the new ages were obtained by accelerator
Australia's oldest human remains: age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton.
The Lake Mungo 3 burial documents the earliest known human presence on the Australian continent and implies that people who were skeletally within the range of the present Australian indigenous population colonized the continent during or before oxygen isotope stage 4 (57,000-71,000 years).
Pleistocene mammal extinctions: the problem of Mungo and Menindee, New South Wales
  • J. Hope
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1978
The lunettes at Mungo and other dry lakes along Willandra Creek in western New South Wales have provided the best dated late Pleistocene geomorphological sequence for Australia. They also contain the
Thermoluminescence dating of a 50,000-year-old human occupation site in northern Australia
THE oldest secure date for human occupation in Greater Australia is 40kyr from eastern Papua New Guinea1, whereas slightly younger dates have been reported from southern Australia2. We now report
Luminescence dates and stratigraphic analyses at Lake Mungo: review and new perspectives
A thermoluminescence dating program has sampled 3 sites on the shores of Lake Mungo, the burial sites Mungo I and Mungo III and the site of earlier palaeomagnetic studies. Two sites on Outer Arumpo
New Ages for the Last Australian Megafauna: Continent-Wide Extinction About 46,000 Years Ago
This work reports burial ages for megafauna from 28 sites and infer extinction across the continent around 46,400 years ago, ruling out extreme aridity at the Last Glacial Maximum as the cause of extinction, but not other climatic impacts; a "blitzkrieg" model of human-induced extinction; or an extended period of anthropogenic ecosystem disruption.
Pleistocene Man in Australia: Age and Significance of the Mungo Skeleton
New radiocarbon data is recorded providing a precise age for this young, adult female cremation found at Lake Mungo known as “The Walls of China”, among the most significant recent discoveries in Australian prehistory.
Late Pleistocene Glaciation of the Kosciuszko Massif, Snowy Mountains, Australia
Abstract Late Pleistocene glaciation of the Australian mainland was restricted to a small area of the southeastern highlands. Geomorphic mapping of the area and exposure dating using the in situ