New Well-being Measures: Short Scales to Assess Flourishing and Positive and Negative Feelings

  title={New Well-being Measures: Short Scales to Assess Flourishing and Positive and Negative Feelings},
  author={Ed Diener and Derrick Wirtz and William Tov and Chu Kim-prieto and Dong-won Choi and Shigehiro Oishi and Robert Biswas-Diener},
  journal={Social Indicators Research},
Measures of well-being were created to assess psychological flourishing and feelings—positive feelings, negative feelings, and the difference between the two. The scales were evaluated in a sample of 689 college students from six locations. The Flourishing Scale is a brief 8-item summary measure of the respondent’s self-perceived success in important areas such as relationships, self-esteem, purpose, and optimism. The scale provides a single psychological well-being score. The measure has good… 
Validating the Flourishing Scale and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience in India
ABSTRACT The psychometric properties of Flourishing Scale (FS) and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) were examined in the Indian milieu in three separate studies. Firstly,
The flourishing scale in comparison with other well-being scales : the examination and validation of a new measure
The Flourishing Scale is a measure that assesses mental well-being by means of a Positive Psychology approach. The scale was designed in 2009 and there is still a lack of validation and examination
The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE): Psychometric Properties and Normative Data in a Large Chinese Sample
The Chinese version of the SPANE behaves consistently with the original and can be used in future studies of emotional well-being and converges well with two measures of life satisfaction.
Measuring the frequency of emotions—validation of the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) in Germany
The German version of the SPANE behaves in accordance with the original scale and may be used in future studies of well-being and convergent validity.
Measuring and Predicting Student Well-Being: Further Evidence in Support of the Flourishing Scale and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experiences
An increased focus on well-being in university settings has spurred the development of brief scales of both functioning well and feeling good. The objectives of the current study were to generate
Comparing the Psychometric Properties of Common Measures of Positive and Negative Emotional Experiences: Implications for the Assessment of Subjective Wellbeing
Subjective wellbeing (SWB) is frequently measured in the field of positive psychology as an indicator of positive functioning. However, its measurement in the literature is quite heterogeneous, with
The objective of this study is to examine the effects of self-esteem, psychological well-being, emotional self-efficacy and affect balance variables on happiness. The participants of the study are
Validation of the Flourishing Scale and Scale of Positive and Negative Experience in Portugal
The Flourishing Scale (FS) and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) created by Diener et al. (Soc Indic Res 97:143–156, 2010) are instruments that assess psychological flourishing
The PERMA-Profiler: A brief multidimensional measure of flourishing
Abstract: In the book Flourish (2011), Seligman defined wellbeing in terms of five pillars: Positive emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Accomplishment, or PERMA. We developed the
Assessing positive and negative experiences: validation of a new measure of well-being in an Italian population.
The results of this study demonstrate that the Italian version of the SPANE has psychometric properties similar to those shown by the original and previous versions, and it presents satisfactory reliability and factorial validity.


New Measures of Well-Being
We present new measures of well-being to assess the following concepts: 1. Psychological Well-Being (PWB); 2. Positive Feelings, Negative Feelings, and the balance between the two (SPANE-P, N, B);
Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from this
Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale
The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) was developed to assess satis-faction with the respondent’s life as a whole. The scale does not assess satisfaction with life domains such as health or
The Satisfaction With Life Scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction
Since its introduction in 1985, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) has been heavily used as a measure of the life satisfaction component of subjective
Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales.
Two 10-item mood scales that comprise the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) are developed and are shown to be highly internally consistent, largely uncorrelated, and stable at appropriate levels over a 2-month time period.
Happiness is the frequency, not the intensity, of positive versus negative affect.
In this chapter we suggest that “happiness,” or high subjective wellbeing, is more strongly associated with the frequency and duration of people’s positive feelings, not with the intensity of those
A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation
Using a ''subjectivist'' approach to the assessment of happiness, a new 4-item measure of global subjective happiness was developed and validated in 14 studies with a total of 2 732 participants.
Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.
Research guided by self-determination theory has focused on the social-contextual conditions that facilitate versus forestall the natural processes of self-motivation and healthy psychological development, leading to the postulate of three innate psychological needs--competence, autonomy, and relatedness.
Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.
Examination of the scale on somewhat different grounds, however, does suggest that future applications can benefit from its revision, and a minor modification to the Life Orientation Test is described, along with data bearing on the revised scale's psychometric properties.
International Differences in Well-Being
This book draws together the latest work from scholars around the world using subjective well-being data to understand and compare well-being across countries and cultures. Starting from many