New Remains of Camelus grattardi (Mammalia, Camelidae) from the Plio-Pleistocene of Ethiopia and the Phylogeny of the Genus

  title={New Remains of Camelus grattardi (Mammalia, Camelidae) from the Plio-Pleistocene of Ethiopia and the Phylogeny of the Genus},
  author={Denis Geraads and W. Andrew Barr and Denn{\'e} Reed and Michel Laurin and Zeresenay Alemseged},
  journal={Journal of Mammalian Evolution},
The Old World fossil record of the family Camelidae is patchy, but a new partial cranium and some other remains of Camelus grattardi from the Mille-Logya Project area in the Afar, Ethiopia, greatly increase the fossil record of the genus in Africa. These new data – together with analysis of unpublished and recently published material from other sites, and reappraisal of poorly known taxa – allow for a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis showing that C. grattardi is the earliest (2.2–2.9 Ma) and… 

Plio‐Pleistocene mammals from Mille‐Logya, Ethiopia, and the post‐Hadar faunal change

We describe the non‐primate mammalian fauna from the late Pliocene to earliest Pleistocene deposits of Mille‐Logya in the Lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia, dated to c. 2.9–2.4 Ma, and divided into three

The fossil record of camelids demonstrates a late divergence between Bactrian camel and dromedary

It is shown that the divergence between Bactrian camel and dromedary has a peak probability density around 1 Ma and probably occurred less than 2 million years ago, much younger than molecular estimates.

Fossils from Mille-Logya, Afar, Ethiopia, elucidate the link between Pliocene environmental changes and Homo origins

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Camelus thomasi Pomel, 1893 from the Pleistocene type-locality Tighennif (Algeria). Comparisons with modern Camelus

The whole collection of Camelus thomasi Pomel, 1893 from the Pleistocene type-locality Tighennif (Ternifine) in Algeria is described, and it is shown that it is clearly distinct from both modern Camelus bactrianus and dromedarius Linnaeus.

Paracamelus (Mammalia, Camelidae) remains from the late Messinian of Italy: insights into the last camels of western Europe

Abstract In this paper we describe fossil remains of an indeterminate species of the genus Paracamelus (Artiodactyla, Camelidae) from the Messinian post-evaporitic deposits (5.55–5.40 Ma) of Verduno

The oldest Camelidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) of Africa: new finds from the Mio-Pliocene boundary, Chad

The Chadian remains are the oldest adequately dated record of this family in Africa and contemporaneous with the oldest known evidence of the genus Paracamelus from the late Miocene of Asia and Europe.

Le plus vieux Camelidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) d’Afrique : limite Mio-Pliocène, Tchad

– A fragment of mandible and two metapodials complete unearthed from the fossiliferous aera of Kossom Bougoudi (KB3 and KB26), northern Chad are described. A comparative study allows to assign these

Late Pliocene Bovidae from Ledi-Geraru (Lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia) and their Implications for Afar Paleoecology

ABSTRACT Fossil bovids are described from the late Pliocene site of Ledi-Geraru, mainly from the Gurumaha and Lee Adoyta sedimentary packages (2.8–2.6 Ma). Finds include taxa already known from the

Fossil Giraffidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from Lee Adoyta, Ledi-Geraru, and Late Pliocene Dietary Evolution in Giraffids from the Lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia

The giraffid fossils recovered from ~ 2.8–2.6 million year old (Ma) sediments from Lee Adoyta, Ledi-Geraru, Ethiopia, are described here. Sivatherium maurusium and Giraffa cf. G. gracilis are the two

Late Pliocene environmental change during the transition from Australopithecus to Homo

New stable carbon isotope data from the late Pliocene mammalian fauna from Ledi-Geraru, in the lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia, and mammalian community analyses from the LAV and Turkana Basin indicate that the two regions were largely similar through the Plio−Pleistocene, but that important environmental differences existed during the emergence of Homo around 2.8 million years ago.

A complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the wild two-humped camel (Camelus bactrianus ferus): an evolutionary history of camelidae

The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the wild two-humped camel (Camelus bactrianus ferus), the only wild survivor of the Old World camel, is determined and suggested that the divergence of the two tribes may occur in the early Miocene; it is much earlier than what was deduced from the fossil record.

Genomic Data from Extinct North American Camelops Revise Camel Evolutionary History.

It is found that Camelops is sister to African and Asian bactrian and dromedary camels, to the exclusion of South American camelids (llamas, guanacos, alpacas, and vicuñas).