New Neanderthal remains associated with the ‘flower burial’ at Shanidar Cave

  title={New Neanderthal remains associated with the ‘flower burial’ at Shanidar Cave},
  author={Emma Pomeroy and Paul Bennett and Chris Hunt and T. Emmett Reynolds and Lucy Farr and Marine Frouin and James Holman and Ross Lane and Charles French and Graeme Barker},
  pages={11 - 26}
Abstract Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan became an iconic Palaeolithic site following Ralph Solecki's mid twentieth-century discovery of Neanderthal remains. Solecki argued that some of these individuals had died in rockfalls and—controversially—that others were interred with formal burial rites, including one with flowers. Recent excavations have revealed the articulated upper body of an adult Neanderthal located close to the ‘flower burial’ location—the first articulated Neanderthal… 

The Microvertebrates of Shanidar Cave: Preliminary Taphonomic Findings

Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan, is one of the most important Palaeolithic sites in Southwest Asia. This is due to the long sequence of hominin occupation of the cave and the discovery of multiple

Issues of theory and method in the analysis of Paleolithic mortuary behavior: A view from Shanidar Cave

The recent discovery of in situ articulated Neanderthal remains at Shanidar Cave offers a rare opportunity to take full advantage of methodological and theoretical developments to understand Neanderthal mortuary activity, making a review of these advances relevant and timely.

Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child

A pit was dug in a sterile sediment layer and the corpse of a two-year-old child was laid there, and a hominin bone from this context yielded a direct 14C age of 41.7–40.8 ka cal BP, making the bone one of the most recent directly dated Neandertals.

Cooking in caves: Palaeolithic carbonised plant food remains from Franchthi and Shanidar

Research on Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer diet has focused on the consumption of animals. Evidence for the use of plant foods is comparatively limited but is rapidly expanding. The authors present an

Organization of residential space, site function variability, and seasonality of activities among MIS 5 Iberian Neandertals

Whether ethnoarcheological models of hunter-gatherer mobility, landscape use, and structuration of the inhabited space are relevant to the archeology of Neandertals and the Middle Paleolithic remains

Reuniting Archaeology and Archives through the Smithsonian Institution’s Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki Papers and Artifacts Project

  • Molly Kamph
  • History, Sociology
    Museum Anthropology Review
  • 2021
The Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History recently conducted a two-year project to process and connect the archives and artifacts of archaeologists Ralph and Rose Solecki, most



New investigations at Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan

Shanidar Cave (36o50’ N, 44o13’ E) in the Zagros Mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan, approximately 740m above sea level (Figure 1), has iconic status in Palaeolithic archaeology following excavations by

Grave Shortcomings: The Evidence for Neandertal Burial [and Comments and Reply]

Evidence for purposeful disposal of the dead and other inferences of ritual behavior in the Middle Paleolithic are examined geoarchaeologically. Cave geomorphology, sedimentology, and taphonomy form

Testing the Roc de Marsal Neandertal “Burial” with Geoarchaeology

The question of intentional Neanderthal interment continues to be debated in paleoanthropology. Among the criteria that can be used to investigate the intentionality of a burial, many of them rely on

The Palaeolithic Origins of Human Burial

1. Introduction: death and the Palaeolithic 2. Primate roots for early hominid morbidity and mortuary activity 3. From morbidity to mortuary activity: developments from the australopithecines to Homo

Grave Markers: Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic Burials and the Use of Chronotypology in Contemporary Paleolithic Research

Comparison of mortuary data from the Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic archaeological record shows that, contrary to previous assessments, there is much evidence for continuity between the two

Shanidar 10: a Middle Paleolithic immature distal lower limb from Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan.

The Flowers Found with Shanidar IV, a Neanderthal Burial in Iraq

AnalYsi.s of soil samples irom the Shanidar IV burial, Shanidar cave, revealed the same pollens throughout the sequence, with variations in frequencY. However, samples 313 and 314 contained, in

The Shanidar IV ‘Flower Burial’: a Re-evaluation of Neanderthal Burial Ritual

  • J. Sommer
  • Biology
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 1999
Zoological data is presented to suggest that Meriones persicus, a small rodent native to the Shanidar region, is capable of having introduced enough flower heads into the cave to account for the pollen found near Shanidars IV.