New Middle Eocene Formicid Species from Germany and the Evolution of Weaver Ants

  title={New Middle Eocene Formicid Species from Germany and the Evolution of Weaver Ants},
  author={Gennady M. Dlussky and Torsten Wappler and Sonja Wedmann},
Two new species of weaver ant are described from the Eocene of Germany. Males and gynes of Oecophylla longiceps Dlussky sp. nov. are found in the middle Eocene (about 47 Ma) of Grube Messel, Germany. Males, gynes and two workers of O. eckfeldiana Dlussky sp. nov. are recorded from the middle Eocene (about 43 Ma) of Eckfeld maar, Germany. The two new species are among the oldest records of the extant genus Oecophylla. First adaptations for moving in the forest canopy are present in the workers… 
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Distribution and Differentiation of Fossil Oecophylla (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Species by Wing Imprints
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The ant Aphaenogaster dlusskyana sp. nov. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Sakhalin amber—the earliest described species of an extant genus of Myrmicinae
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A generic level comparison reveals Svetlovodnaya ants as more similar to European rather than North American ant fauna, and presence of strictly tropical and temperate taxa support the equable climate concept as applicable to the Late Eocene climate of the Sikhote-Alin area.


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