New Egyptian sauropod reveals Late Cretaceous dinosaur dispersal between Europe and Africa

  title={New Egyptian sauropod reveals Late Cretaceous dinosaur dispersal between Europe and Africa},
  author={Hesham M. Sallam and Eric Gorscak and Patrick M. O’Connor and Iman A. El-Dawoudi and Sanaa El-Sayed and Sara Saber and M. Kora and Joseph J W Sertich and Erik R. Seiffert and Matthew C. Lamanna},
  journal={Nature Ecology \& Evolution},
Prominent hypotheses advanced over the past two decades have sought to characterize the Late Cretaceous continental vertebrate palaeobiogeography of Gondwanan landmasses, but have proved difficult to test because terrestrial vertebrates from the final ~30 million years of the Mesozoic are extremely rare and fragmentary on continental Africa (including the then-conjoined Arabian Peninsula but excluding the island of Madagascar). Here we describe a new titanosaurian sauropod dinosaur… 

A titanosaurian sauropod with Gondwanan affinities in the latest Cretaceous of Europe.

The origin of the last sauropod dinosaur communities in Europe and their evolution during the final 15 million years of the Cretaceous have become a complex phylogenetic and palaeobiogeographic

A new African Titanosaurian Sauropod Dinosaur from the middle Cretaceous Galula Formation (Mtuka Member), Rukwa Rift Basin, Southwestern Tanzania

Both comparative morphology and phylogenetic analyses support Mnyamawamtuka as a distinct and distant relative to Rukwatitan bisepultus and Shingopana songwensis from the younger Namba Member of the Galula Formation with these results largely congruent with newly constrained ages for the Mtuka Member (Aptian–Cenomanian) and Namba Members (Campanian).

Dinosaurs from the Santonian–Campanian Atlantic coastline substantiate phylogenetic signatures of vicariance in Cretaceous North America

The phylogenetic positions of the tyrannosauroid and hadrosaurid show Santonian Appalachian dinosaur faunas are comparable to coeval Eurasian ones, and the presence of clades formed only by Appalachian dinosaur taxa establishes a degree of endemism in Appalachian dinosaur assemblages attributable to episodes of vicariance.

The Mesozoic Biogeographic History of Gondwanan Terrestrial Vertebrates: Insights from Madagascar's Fossil Record

The Mesozoic plate tectonic and paleogeographic history of Gondwana had a profound effect on the distribution of terrestrial vertebrates. As the supercontinent fragmented into a series of large

Late Cretaceous non-avian dinosaurs from the James Ross Basin, Antarctica: description of new material, updated synthesis, biostratigraphy, and paleobiogeography

Although the fossil record of non-avian dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Antarctica is the poorest of any continent, fossils representing at least five major taxonomic groups (Ankylosauria,

The Tetrapod Fossil Record from the Uppermost Maastrichtian of the Ibero-Armorican Island: An Integrative Review Based on the Outcrops of the Western Tremp Syncline (Aragón, Huesca Province, NE Spain)

The South-Pyrenean Basin (northeastern Spain) has yielded a rich and diverse record of Upper Cretaceous (uppermost Campanian−uppermost Maastrichtian) vertebrate fossils, including the remains of some



New Australian sauropods shed light on Cretaceous dinosaur palaeobiogeography

The results of a new phylogenetic analysis, in which both Savannasaurus and Diamantinasaurus are recovered within Titanosauria, were used as the basis for a quantitative palaeobiogeographical analysis of macronarian sauropods.

The Second Titanosaurian (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Middle Cretaceous Galula Formation, Southwestern Tanzania, with Remarks on African Titanosaurian Diversity

ABSTRACT The paleobiogeographic significance of continental Africa during the middle and Late Cretaceous is not well understood, in part due to incomplete sampling from large portions of the

An abelisaurid from the Late Cretaceous of Egypt: implications for theropod biogeography

It is reported on a shed theropod tooth from the Upper Cretaceous Duwi Formation of Egypt that constitutes defensible evidence of an abelisaurid from the post-Cenomanian Cret Jurassic of mainland Africa, and indicates that Abelisauridae was a diverse group in Africa during the CRETaceous.


Ornithischian dinosaurs are uncommon elements in Late Cretaceous faunal assemblages of many Gondwanan landmasses, particularly Africa. The best-documented post-Cenomanian record of purported

Cosmopolitanism among Gondwanan Late Cretaceous mammals

The occurrence of a highly specialized and distinctive group of extinct mammals, the Sudamericidae (Gondwanatheria), in the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar and India is reported, which is the first evidence of gondwanatheres outside South America and the first indication of cosmopolitanism among Late CRETaceous Gondwanan mammals.

New dinosaurs link southern landmasses in the Mid–Cretaceous

Fossils from three stratigraphic levels in the Cretaceous of Niger provide definitive evidence that abelisauroid dinosaurs and their immediate antecedents were also present on Africa and provide key evidence for continued faunal exchange among Gondwanan landmasses until the end of the Early Cret Jurassic.