New 1-O-acyl alpha-L-rhamnopyranosides and rhamnosylated lactones from Streptomyces sp., inhibitors of 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase (3alpha-HSD).

Chemical screening with extracts of Streptomyces sp. (strain GT 61150) resulted in the detection, isolation, and structure elucidation of two new acyl alpha-L-rhamnopyranosides (1 and 2) and three new rhamnosyllactones A, B1 and B2 (3 approximately 5). Rhamnosyllactones B1 and B2 were obtained as a 5:1 mixture. The structures were confirmed by spectroscopic… (More)