Neutrophilic Fe-oxidizing bacteria are abundant at the Loihi Seamount hydrothermal vents and play a major role in Fe oxide deposition.

@article{Emerson2002NeutrophilicFB,
  title={Neutrophilic Fe-oxidizing bacteria are abundant at the Loihi Seamount hydrothermal vents and play a major role in Fe oxide deposition.},
  author={David Brian Emerson and Craig Lee Moyer},
  journal={Applied and environmental microbiology},
  year={2002},
  volume={68 6},
  pages={
          3085-93
        }
}
A number of hydrothermal vent sites exist on the summit of the Loihi Seamount, a shield volcano that is part of the Hawaiian archipelago. The vents are 1,100 to 1,325 m below the surface and range in temperature from slightly above ambient (10 degrees C) to high temperature (167 degrees C). The vent fluid is characterized by high concentrations of CO2 (up to 17 mM) and Fe(II) (up to 268 microM), but there is a general paucity of H2S. Most of the vents are surrounded by microbial mats that have… CONTINUE READING

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