# Neutron stardust and the elements of Earth

@article{Thornton2018NeutronSA,
title={Neutron stardust and the elements of Earth},
author={Brett F. Thornton and Shawn C. Burdette},
journal={Nature Chemistry},
year={2018},
volume={11},
pages={4-10}
}
• Published 14 December 2018
• Physics, Geology
• Nature Chemistry
At its inception, the periodic table sorted elements by weight, so it may be surprising that the heaviest natural element on Earth remains controversial, or at best, nebulous. In the strange, perhaps-unfinished search for this weightiest nucleus, the only definitive conclusion is that it lies somewhere beyond uranium.
6 Citations
The transuranic elements and the island of stability
• Kit Chapman
• Physics
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A
• 2020
This review shall look at the historical developments that led to the field of element discovery, the attempts to discover superheavy elements in nature based on the island of stability, and the subsequent successful synthesis of elements and the implications of their half-lives and properties.
Natural superheavy nuclei in astrophysical data
• Physics
• 2019
The paper presents the summary data of the authors' research within the framework of the OLIMPIYA project (the Russian acronym of {\bf OLI}viny iz {\bf M}eteoritov --- {\bf P}oisk tyazholykh {\bf I}
Synthesis of Uranium Single Atom from Radioactive Wastewater for Enhanced Water Dissociation and Hydrogen Evolution.
• Chemistry
Small
• 2022
As a common nuclide in radioactive wastewater, uranium (U) is generally treated by landfill, which induces the massive abandonment of uranium resources. In this work, a pulse voltammetry method for
Circular chemistry to enable a circular economy
• Chemistry
Nature Chemistry
• 2019
By expanding the scope of sustainability to the entire lifecycle of chemical products, the concept of circular chemistry aims to replace today’s linear ‘take–make–dispose’ approach with circular processes and enable a closed-loop, waste-free chemical industry.
Using waste as resource to realize a circular economy: Circular use of C, N and P
• J. Slootweg
• Environmental Science
Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
• 2020

## References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 83 REFERENCES
Origin of the elements: pre-Fermi reactor and plutonium-244 in nature
Accounts of investigations on the occurrences of natural reactors and /sup 244/Pu in the early history of the earth are presented. Experimental data are cited from reports on naturally-occurring
Search for superheavy elements with 292 A 310 in nature with accelerator mass spectrometry
• Physics
• 2012
For several decades, it has been speculated that there existsa region in the chart of nuclides beyond the valley of stabilitycontaininglong-livedorevenstable,veryneutron-richisotopesof superheavy
Search for Superheavy Elements in Nature (Experimental Approach)
Attempts to find superheavy elements in Nature started in the middle of sixties when predictions on the possible longevity of nuclei stabilized by the closed $$Z = 114$$-proton and \(N =
Nuclear astrophysics: Deep-sea diving for stellar debris
Deep-sea sediments reveal the production sites of the heaviest chemical elements in the Universe to be neutron star mergers — rare events that eject large amounts of mass — and not core-collapse
Beyond Uranium, Ca. 1890–1950
The transuranic elements at the end of the periodic table have since the 1960s been known as superheavy elements. Until 1939 no element heavier than uranium was known and yet there was in the earlier
A search for superheavy elements in meteorites using a neutron multiplicity detector
• Physics, Geology
• 1991
A search for superheavy element fission events in meteoritic samples was made using a novel neutron multiplicity detector which was operated underground. No differences could be detected between
Neutrons from spontaneous fission of long‐lived super‐ heavy nuclei
• Physics
• 2009
The investigations of spontaneous fission of 268Db (Z = 105) have been performed. 268Db is the heaviest nuclide for which the average number of neutrons per spontaneous fission ν = 4.2±1.0 was
Short-lived 244 Pu points to compact binary mergers as sites for heavy r-process nucleosynthesis
• Physics
• 2015
Stars could produce our heavy elements through a rapid neutron-capture process during a supernova or merger of binary stars, but which is it? A study of 244Pu reveals that a rare event with a high
Attempt to detect primordial 244 Pu on Earth
• Physics
• 2012
With a half-life of 81.1 Myr, 244Pu could be both the heaviest and the shortest-lived nuclide present on Earth as a relic of the last supernova(e) that occurred before the formation of the Solar
Contamination of the earth's surface by plutonium and uranium fallout
The239,240Pu/238U ratios in nature determined by previous and present workers have been used to evaluate the extent of plutonium and uranium fallout contamination on the earth's surface. The