Neutrino emission from the direction of the blazar TXS 0506+056 prior to the IceCube-170922A alert

@article{Aartsen2018NeutrinoEF,
  title={Neutrino emission from the direction of the blazar TXS 0506+056 prior to the IceCube-170922A alert},
  author={Mark G. Aartsen and Markus Ackermann and J. H. Adams and Juan Antonio Aguilar and Markus Ahlers and Maximilian Ahrens and Imen Al Samarai and David Altmann and Karen Andeen and Tyler Brooks Anderson and I. Ansseau and Gisela Anton and Carlos A. Arg{\"u}elles and B Arsioli and Jan Auffenberg and Spencer N. Axani and Hadis Bagherpour and Xinhua Bai and J. P. Barron and Steven W. Barwick and V. Baum and Ryan Bay and James J. Beatty and Julia K. Becker Tjus and Kurt H. Becker and Segev BenZvi and David Berley and Elisa Bernardini and David Z. Besson and Gary Binder and Daniel Bindig and Erik Blaufuss and S. Blot and Christian Bohm and M. B{\"o}rner and Fabian Bos and Sebastian B{\"o}ser and Olga Botner and {\'E}tienne Bourbeau and James Bourbeau and F. Bradascio and J. Braun and M. Brenzke and Hans-Peter Bretz and Stephanie Bron and Jannes Brostean-Kaiser and A. Burgman and Raffaela Busse and Tessa Carver and E. Cheung and Dmitry Chirkin and Asen Christov and Ken Clark and Lew Classen and Stefan Coenders and Gabriel H. Collin and Janet M. Conrad and Paul Coppin and P. Correa and D. F. Cowen and R. Cross and P. Dave and Melanie Day and Jo{\~a}o Pedro Athayde Marcondes de Andr{\'e} and Catherine De Clercq and J. J. DeLaunay and Hans Peter Dembinski and Sjoerd deRidder and Paolo Desiati and Krijn D. de Vries and G. de Wasseige and Tyce DeYoung and Juan Carlos D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez and V. di Lorenzo and H. Dujmovic and Jonathan Dumm and Matthew Dunkman and Emily Dvorak and Benjamin Eberhardt and Thomas Ehrhardt and Bj{\"o}rn Eichmann and P. Eller and Paul A. Evenson and Sam Fahey and Ali R. Fazely and John Felde and Kirill Filimonov and Chad Finley and Samuel Flis and Anna Franckowiak and E. Friedman and A. Fritz and Thomas K. Gaisser and J. Gallagher and Lisa Marie Gerhardt and Karim Ghorbani and Paolo Giommi and Theo Glauch and Thorsten Gl{\"u}senkamp and Azriel Goldschmidt and Juan Antonio Gonz{\'a}lez and Darren Grant and Zachary Griffith and Christian Haack and Allan Hallgren and Francis Halzen and Kael D. Hanson and Dustin Hebecker and David Heereman and Klaus Helbing and Robert Eugene Hellauer and Stephanie Virginia Hickford and Joshua Hignight and Gary C. Hill and K. D. Hoffman and Ruth Hoffmann and Tobias Hoinka and Ben Hokanson-Fasig and Kotoyo Hoshina and F. Huang and Martin E. Huber and Klas Hultqvist and Mirco H{\"u}nnefeld and Raamis Hussain and Seongjin In and N. Iovine and Aya Ishihara and Emanuel Jacobi and George S. Japaridze and Minjin Jeong and Kyle Jero and B. J. P. Jones and Piotr Kalaczyński and W. Kang and Alexander Kappes and David Kappesser and Timo Karg and Albrecht Karle and Uli Katz and Matthew Kauer and Azadeh Keivani and John Lawrence Kelley and Ali Kheirandish and Jae Hui Kim and Min Bin Kim and T. Kintscher and Joanna Kiryluk and Teresa Kittler and Spencer R. Klein and Ramesh Koirala and Hermann Kolanoski and Lutz K{\"o}pke and Claudio Kopper and Sandro Kopper and J P Koschinsky and D. Jason Koskinen and Marek Kowalski and B{\'a}rbara Reis Krammer and Kai Michael Krings and Mike Kroll and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and Samridha Kunwar and Naoko Kurahashi and Takao Kuwabara and Andreas L Kyriacou and Mathieu L. M. Labare and Justin Lanfranchi and Michael James Larson and F. Lauber and K. Leonard and Mariola Lesiak-Bzdak and Martin Leuermann and Q. R. Liu and C. J. Lozano Mariscal and L. Lu and Jan D. L{\"u}nemann and W. Luszczak and J. Madsen and Giuliano Maggi and Kendall Brianna McConnel Mahn and Sarah Mancina and Reina Maruyama and Keiichi Mase and Ryan Maunu and Kevin J. Meagher and Morten Medici and M. Meier and Thorben Menne and G. Merino and Thomas Meures and Sandra Miarecki and Jessica Micallef and G. Moment{\'e} and Teresa Montaruli and R. W. Moore and Robert Morse and M. Moulai and Rolf Nahnhauer and Prabandha Nakarmi and Uwe Naumann and Gary L. Neer and Hans Niederhausen and Sarah C. Nowicki and David R. Nygren and A. Obertacke Pollmann and Alexander R. Olivas and Aongus O'Murchadha and E. O’Sullivan and Paolo Padovani and Tomasz Palczewski and Hershal Pandya and Daria Pankova and Patrick Peiffer and Joshua A. Pepper and Carlos Perez de los Heros and Damian Pieloth and Elisa Pinat and M. Plum and P. Buford Price and Gerald T. Przybylski and C. Raab and Leif R{\"a}del and Mohamed Rameez and Katherine Rawlins and Immacolata Carmen Rea and Ren{\'e} Reimann and Ben Relethford and Matthew Relich and Elisa Resconi and Wolfgang Rhode and Michael Richman and Sally Robertson and Martin Rongen and Carsten Rott and Tim Ruhe and Dirk Ryckbosch and Devyn Rysewyk and I. Safa and Narek Sahakyan and Thomas E. S{\"a}lzer and S. E. Sanchez Herrera and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and M. Santander and Subir Sarkar and Konstancja Satalecka and Philipp Schlunder and Timothy W. Schmidt and A. Schneider and Sebastian Schoenen and Sebastian Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Schumacher and S. Sclafani and David Seckel and Surujhdeo Seunarine and J. Soedingrekso and Dennis Soldin and M. Song and G. M. Spiczak and Christian Spiering and J. Stachurska and Michael Stamatikos and Todor Stanev and Alexander Stasik and J. Stettner and Anna Steuer and Thorsten Stezelberger and Robert G. Stokstad and Achim St{\"o}{\ss}l and Nora Linn Strotjohann and T. Stuttard and Gregory W. Sullivan and Michael S. Sutherland and Ignacio Taboada and Joulien Tatar and F. Tenholt and Samvel Ter-Antonyan and Andrii Terliuk and Serap Tilav and Patrick A. Toale and M. N. Tobin and Christine A Toennis and Simona Toscano and Delia Tosi and Maria Tselengidou and Chun Fai Tung and Andrea Turcati and C. F. Turley and Bunheng Ty and Elisabeth Unger and Marcel Usner and Justin Vandenbroucke and Ward Van Driessche and Daan van Eijk and Nick van Eijndhoven and Stijn Vanheule and Jakob van Santen and Elmar Vogel and Matthias Vraeghe and Ch. Walck and A. Wallace and Marius Wallraff and F. David Wandler and Nancy Wandkowsky and Aatif Waza and C. Weaver and Matthew J Weiss and C. Wendt and Johannes Werthebach and Stefan Westerhoff and B. J. Whelan and Nathan Whitehorn and Klaus Wiebe and Christopher Wiebusch and Logan Wille and D. R. W. Williams and L. Wills and M. Wolf and Jeffrey Scott Wood and Terri R. Wood and Kurt Woschnagg and D. L. Xu and X. Xu and Yan Xu and Juan Pablo Y{\'a}{\~n}ez and Gaurang B. Yodh and Shigeomi Yoshida and T. Yuan},
  journal={Science},
  year={2018}
}
A high-energy neutrino event detected by IceCube on 22 September 2017 was coincident in direction and time with a gamma-ray flare from the blazar TXS 0506+056. Prompted by this association, we inve ... 
Investigation of Two Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray Blazars Coincident with High-energy Neutrinos Detected by IceCube
After the identification of the gamma-ray blazar TXS 0506+056 as the first compelling IceCube neutrino source candidate, we perform a systematic analysis of all high-energy neutrino events satisfyi
High-Energy Neutrinos from Blazar Flares and Implications of TXS 0506+056
Motivated by the observation of a > 290 TeV muon neutrino by IceCube, coincident with a ~6 month-long γ-ray flare of the blazar TXS 0506+056, and an archival search which revealed 13 ± 5 further,
Neutrinos from TXS 0506+056 prior to the 2017 gamma-ray flare
On 2017 September 22, IceCube released a public alert announcing the detection of a well-reconstructed, high-energy neutrino event. Such alerts issued through the Extremely High Energy (EHE) alert
Cosmic hadron colliders
  • E. Pian
  • Physics
    Nature Astronomy
  • 2018
An ultrahigh-energy neutrino event detected with the IceCube detector in Antarctica, simultaneous and co-spatial with a multi-wavelength outburst of a blazar about 3 billion light years away, points
The Search for Neutrinos from TXS 0506+056 with the ANTARES Telescope
A high-energy neutrino, IC170922A, detected by the IceCube experiment was found to be positionally coincident with the direction of a known blazar, TXS 0506+056, observed in γ-rays and at other
Next generation neutrino detectors at the South Pole
Since the construction of IceCube was completed in 2010/11, the observatory has delivered several outstanding measurements in neutrino physics and multimessenger astronomy. Additionally, a series of
AGILEγ-ray sources coincident with cosmic neutrino events
Using data obtained by theγ-ray imager on board of the AGILE satellite, we systematically searched for transientγ-ray sources above 100 MeV in temporal and spatial coincidence with high-energy
On the Neutrino Flares from the Direction of TXS 0506+056
For the first time since the discovery of high-energy cosmic neutrinos by IceCube, a multimessenger campaign identified a distant gamma ray blazar, TXS 0506+056, as the source of a high-energy
The IceCube Coincident Neutrino Event is Unlikely to be Physically Associated with LIGO/Virgo S190728q
The IceCube neutrino event detected 360 s before the trigger of LIGO/Virgo S190728q is unlikely to be physically associated with the GW event because of an energy budget reason.
Detection of a flaring blazar coincident with an IceCube high-energy neutrino
In September 22, 2017, IceCube released a public alert announcing the detection of a 290 TeV neutrino track event with an angular uncertainty of one square degree (90% containment). A multi-messenger
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A
TLDR
The discovery of an extraterrestrial diffuse flux of high-energy neutrinos, announced by IceCube in 2013, has characteristic properties that hint at contributions from extragalactic sources, although the individual sources remain as yet unidentified.
All-sky Search for Time-integrated Neutrino Emission from Astrophysical Sources with 7 yr of IceCube Data
Since the recent detection of an astrophysical flux of high-energy neutrinos, the question of its origin has not yet fully been answered. Much of what is known about this flux comes from a small ev
Search for a cumulative neutrino signal from blazar flares using IceCube data
Blazars are active galactic nuclei which have their relativistic particle jet pointing towards Earth and have been observed to emit gamma rays to very high energies. They are also candidates for
OBSERVATION and CHARACTERIZATION of A COSMIC MUON NEUTRINO FLUX from the NORTHERN HEMISPHERE USING SIX YEARS of ICECUBE DATA
The IceCube Collaboration has previously discovered a high-energy astrophysical neutrino flux using neutrino events with interaction vertices contained within the instrumented volume of the IceCube
Active Galactic Nuclei as High-Energy Neutrino Sources
Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are believed to be promising candidates of extragalactic cosmic-ray accelerators and sources, and associated high-energy neutrino and hadronic gamma-ray emission has been
Evidence for High-Energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector
TLDR
The presence of a high-energy neutrino flux containing the most energetic neutrinos ever observed is revealed, including 28 events at energies between 30 and 1200 TeV, although the origin of this flux is unknown and the findings are consistent with expectations for a neutRino population with origins outside the solar system.
Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of IceCube data.
TLDR
Results from an analysis with a third year of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10(-8)  GeV cm-2 s-1 sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the combined three-year data at 5.7σ.
SEARCHES FOR TIME-DEPENDENT NEUTRINO SOURCES WITH ICECUBE DATA FROM 2008 TO 2012
In this paper searches for flaring astrophysical neutrino sources and sources with periodic emission with the IceCube neutrino telescope are presented. In contrast to time-integrated searches, where
The IceCube realtime alert system
Abstract Although high-energy astrophysical neutrinos were discovered in 2013, their origin is still unknown. Aiming for the identification of an electromagnetic counterpart of a rapidly fading
CAN WE OBSERVE NEUTRINO FLARES IN COINCIDENCE WITH EXPLOSIVE TRANSIENTS
The new generation of powerful instruments is reaching sensitivities and temporal resolutions that will allow multi-messenger astronomy of explosive transient phenomena, with high-energy neutrinos as
...
1
2
3
4
...