Neurotoxic Abeta peptides increase oxidative stress in vivo through NMDA-receptor and nitric-oxide-synthase mechanisms, and inhibit complex IV activity and induce a mitochondrial permeability transition in vitro.

@article{Parks2001NeurotoxicAP,
  title={Neurotoxic Abeta peptides increase oxidative stress in vivo through NMDA-receptor and nitric-oxide-synthase mechanisms, and inhibit complex IV activity and induce a mitochondrial permeability transition in vitro.},
  author={Janice K Parks and Tamara S Smith and Patricia A Trimmer and James P. Bennett and Wayne D. Parker},
  journal={Journal of neurochemistry},
  year={2001},
  volume={76 4},
  pages={1050-6}
}
Beta amyloid (Abeta) peptides accumulate in Alzheimer's disease and are neurotoxic possibly through the production of oxygen free radicals. Using brain microdialysis we characterized the ability of Abeta to increase oxygen radical production in vivo. The 1-40 Abeta fragment increased 2,3-dehydroxybenzoic acid efflux more than the 1-28 fragment, in a manner dependent on nitric oxide synthase and NMDA receptor channels. We then examined the effects of Abeta peptides on mitochondrial function in… CONTINUE READING