Neurostimulation Devices for Cognitive Enhancement: Toward a Comprehensive Regulatory Framework

  title={Neurostimulation Devices for Cognitive Enhancement: Toward a Comprehensive Regulatory Framework},
  author={Veljko Dubljevi{\'c}},
There is mounting evidence that non-invasive brain stimulation devices - transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) could be used for cognitive enhancement. However, the regulatory environment surrounding such uses of stimulation devices is less clear than for stimulant drugs—a fact that has already been commercially exploited by several companies. In this paper, the mechanism of action, uses and adverse effects of non-invasive neurostimulation… Expand
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  • A. Lavazza
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Front. Neurosci.
  • 2019
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It is concluded that tDCS is a promising tool for enhancing the ability to handle self-other representations and of the factors that may affect the likelihood of tDCS effects. Expand
Neuroscience: transcranial devices are not playthings.
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The regulation of cognitive enhancement devices: extending the medical model
A model for regulating cognitive enhancement devices is presented and the case for extending existing medical device legislation to cover CEDs is presented, highlighting potential challenges to its implementation, and suggesting solutions. Expand
Physiological Basis of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
  • C. Stagg, M. Nitsche
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Neuroscientist : a review journal bringing neurobiology, neurology and psychiatry
  • 2011
The authors bring together the results from these pharmacological, neurophysiological, and imaging studies to describe their current knowledge of the physiological effects of tDCS, and the theoretical framework for how tDCS affects motor learning is proposed. Expand
The neuroethics of non-invasive brain stimulation
New neuroethical problems that have emerged from the usage of TDCS are discussed, and one of the most likely future applications ofTDCS is focused on enhancing learning and cognition in children with typical and atypical development. Expand
Rethinking the thinking cap
The ethical problems that affect the practice of cosmetic neurology are characterized, including safety, character, justice, and autonomy, and how these problems may apply to the use of noninvasive brain stimulation for self-enhancement are discussed. Expand
Modulating the brain at work using noninvasive transcranial stimulation
How cognitive neuroscience brain stimulation studies may complement neuroergonomics research on human performance optimization and viewing transcranial stimulation techniques as interventional tools to be incorporated in applied science research and systems for the augmentation and enhancement of human operator performance is discussed. Expand
The challenge of crafting policy for do-it-yourself brain stimulation
This paper provides practical recommendations designed to guide balanced discourse, propagate norms of safe use and stimulate dialogue between the DIY community and regulatory authorities, and calls on all stakeholders to share in crafting policy proposals that ensure public safety while supporting DIY innovation. Expand
Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): Challenges and future directions
A workgroup of researchers in the field was convened to review, discuss, and provide updates and key challenges of tDCS use in clinical research, and some alternative methods to facilitate clinical research on tDCS are proposed. Expand
Brain polarization in humans: a reappraisal of an old tool for prolonged non-invasive modulation of brain excitability
  • A. Priori
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Clinical Neurophysiology
  • 2003
Scalp DC might represent a non-invasive simple and valuable potential treatment for psychiatric and neurologic diseases with changes in brain excitability or focally abnormal function. Expand