We report a 62-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital because of abrupt onset of ptosis, and alternating and recurrent bilateral external ophthalmoplegia in a short period without pupillary sphincter muscle abnormality. She had been suffering from uveitis of unknown origin for four years before admission, which was improved with the local administration of steroid. Her brain CT and MRI showed a parasellar mass lesion, and cerebral angiography revealed total occlusion of the right internal carotid artery with little arteriosclerotic change in other blood vessels. She was diagnosed as having sarcoidosis because of elevated serum creatinine kinase and lysozyme levels, and the pathological finding of granuloma in muscle biopsy. The oral administration of prednisolone resulted in disappearance of her external ophthalmoplegia completely in ten months. We postulate that in this patient, the alternating and recurrent external ophthalmoplegia in a short period was related to ischemic neuropathy caused by vascular lesion of neurosarcoidosis.