Neuroregulators and the reinforcement of smoking: Towards a biobehavioral explanation

@article{Pomerleau1985NeuroregulatorsAT,
  title={Neuroregulators and the reinforcement of smoking: Towards a biobehavioral explanation},
  author={O. Pomerleau and C. Pomerleau},
  journal={Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews},
  year={1985},
  volume={8},
  pages={503-513}
}
This paper examines findings on the neuroregulatory effects of nicotine in an effort to formulate a unified hypothesis that can explain the remarkable persistence of smoking behavior. Because nicotine alters the bioavailability of several behaviorally active neuroregulators, including acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, beta-endorphin, and vasopressin, we propose that nicotine is "used" by smokers to produce temporary improvements in performance or affect. Under this formulation, a… Expand
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