Neuropsychology and clinical neuroscience of persistent post-concussive syndrome

@article{Bigler2007NeuropsychologyAC,
  title={Neuropsychology and clinical neuroscience of persistent post-concussive syndrome},
  author={Erin D. Bigler},
  journal={Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society},
  year={2007},
  volume={14},
  pages={1 - 22}
}
  • E. Bigler
  • Published 14 December 2007
  • Medicine, Psychology, Biology
  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
On the mild end of the acquired brain injury spectrum, the terms concussion and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) have been used interchangeably, where persistent post-concussive syndrome (PPCS) has been a label given when symptoms persist for more than three months post-concussion. Whereas a brief history of concussion research is overviewed, the focus of this review is on the current status of PPCS as a clinical entity from the perspective of recent advances in the biomechanical modeling of… 
The current status of postconcussion syndrome
TLDR
The study of concussion and PCS has increased significantly over the past 10 years, with recent research supporting an underlying biological cause for initial symptomatology and early and serial monitoring and treatment of symptoms appears to result in substantial improvement in the vast majority of concussed patients.
Repeated mild closed head injury impairs short-term visuospatial memory and complex learning.
TLDR
Results show that repeated mCHI can reproduce some of the deficits seen after repeated concussions in humans and may be suitable for drug discovery studies and translational research.
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Post-Concussion Syndrome: Study Protocol for a Randomized Crossover Trial
TLDR
The primary goal is to verify the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in patients with PPCS who demonstrate cognitive deficits in long-term episodic memory, working memory, and executive function following MTBI.
Disrupted White Matter Microstructure of the Cerebellar Peduncles in Scholastic Athletes After Concussion
TLDR
The prevalence of white matter abnormality in cerebellar tracts lends credence to the hypothesis that post-concussive symptoms are caused by shearing of axons within an attention network mediated by the cerebellum, and warrants further study of the correlation between cerebellary DTI findings and clinical, neurocognitive, oculomotor, and vestibular outcomes in mTBI patients.
The heterogeneity of mild traumatic brain injury: Where do we stand?
TLDR
The notion of heterogeneity in mTBI was not supported when severity was based on GCS scores, but there was partial support when PTA duration was used as a measure of severity.
Mild traumatic brain injury and Postconcussion Syndrome: a neuropsychological perspective
TLDR
An overview of the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment options for Post-concussional Syndrome is presented and the evidence for factors that may predict such symptoms is reviewed.
Evaluation and Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: The Role of Neuropsychology
TLDR
A narrative review of the current literature on behavioral assessment and management of patients presenting with mTBI/PCS and the potential role of neuropsychologists and rehabilitation psychologists in interdisciplinary care for this population during the acute, subacute, and chronic phases of recovery is provided.
Neuroimaging assessment of early and late neurobiological sequelae of traumatic brain injury: implications for CTE
TLDR
Potential neuroimaging modalities that may be capable of diagnosing CTE in vivo through the detection of tau and other known pathological features are discussed.
Concussion As a Multi-Scale Complex System: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis of Current Knowledge
TLDR
Concepts and ways of thinking about concussion that currently impede research design and block advancements in care of TBI are examined to provide a broader, multi-scale model for understanding concussion pathophysiology, classification, and treatment.
Concussion: pathophysiology and clinical translation.
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