Neuropsychological consequences of alcohol and drug abuse on different components of executive functions

  title={Neuropsychological consequences of alcohol and drug abuse on different components of executive functions},
  author={Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Fern{\'a}ndez-Serrano and Miguel P{\'e}rez-Garc{\'i}a and Jacqueline Schmidt R{\'i}o-Valle and Antonio Verdejo-Garc{\'i}a},
  journal={Journal of Psychopharmacology},
  pages={1317 - 1332}
Several studies have shown alterations in different components of executive functioning in users of different drugs, including cannabis, cocaine and heroin. However, it is difficult to establish a specific association between the use of each of these drugs and executive alterations, since most drug abusers are polysubstance abusers, and alcohol is a ubiquitous confounding factor. Moreover, in order to study the association between consumption of different drugs and executive functioning, the… 

Tables from this paper

eview hat are the specific vs . generalized effects of drugs of abuse on europsychological performance ? aria
Most substance abusers simultaneously use and abuse more than one substance, even when there is a clear drug of choice. This pattern creates a great challenge in relating neuropsychological findings
Diversities of behavioral traits and neuropsychological function in different substance addiction
It has been found that heroin and alcohol addicts in the communicative sphere are aggressive, deceitful, tend to dominate, although they retain the need to be accepted by others, which confirms the literature data about more aggressiveness of polynarcomania in the comparison with mononarchania.
Impulsivity and executive functions in polysubstance-using rave attenders
Rave attenders have selective alterations of impulsive personality and executive functions that can contribute to delineate the neuropsychological profiles that distinguish recreational polysubstance use from substance dependence.
Neuropsychological profiling of impulsivity and compulsivity in cocaine dependent individuals
CDI has both inhibition and perseveration deficits; both patterns were broadly indicative of orbitofrontal dysfunction in the context of reinforcement learning.
[Impulsivity and compulsivity in cocaine dependent individuals].
No differences between compulsive and impulsive CDIs were found with regard to severity of exposure to cocaine; however, patients classified as compulsive by means of neuropsychological tasks are less perseverative in the pursuit of long-term objectives and more prone to make under-meditated decisions, as shown by trait impulsivity assessment questionnaire.


Clinical Implications and Methodological Challenges in the Study of the Neuropsychological Correlates of Cannabis, Stimulant, and Opioid Abuse
The aim of this review is to summarize the main neuropsychological impairments shown by classic studies, as well as these new discoveries in executive functioning and highlight the convenience of intervening in those functions most relevant to the abusers' persistence in consumption and risk of relapse.
Profile of executive deficits in cocaine and heroin polysubstance users: common and differential effects on separate executive components
Findings show both common and differential effects of two widely used drugs on different executive components, with cocaine use inducing more severe deficits on inhibition and shifting.
Differential effects of cocaine and cocaine alcohol on neurocognitive performance
The concomitant use of cocaine and alcohol may have additive negative effects on the brain as compared to the use of only one of these two substances.
Cognitive impulsivity in cocaine and heroin polysubstance abusers.
Neuropsychological functioning in cocaine abusers with and without alcohol dependence
It is suggested that cocaine and alcohol abusers of relatively young ages may be less cognitively impaired than demographically comparable cocaine abusers.
Neurocognitive characterizations of Russian heroin addicts without a significant history of other drug use.
Neuropsychological Consequences of Opiate Use
The long-term effects of opiate use appear to have the greatest impact on executive functions, including the ability to shift cognitive set and inhibit inappropriate response tendencies.