Neuropsychological and neurophysiological assessment of sport concussion in children, adolescents and adults

@article{Baillargeon2012NeuropsychologicalAN,
  title={Neuropsychological and neurophysiological assessment of sport concussion in children, adolescents and adults},
  author={Annie Baillargeon and Maryse Lassonde and Suzanne Leclerc and Dave Ellemberg},
  journal={Brain Injury},
  year={2012},
  volume={26},
  pages={211 - 220}
}
Objective: To determine whether age differences exist with respect to neuropsychological and electrophysiological functioning following a sport concussion. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Ninety-six athletes (9–12 years, n = 32; 13–16 years, n = 34; adults, n = 30), half of whom had a sport concussion. Intervention: Cognitive functioning was assessed using standardized neuropsychological tests and event-related potentials elicited by a visual 3-stimulus oddball paradigm. The PCSS… Expand
A targeted neuropsychological examination of children with a history of sport-related concussion
TLDR
The current results suggest that neuropsychological measures of higher cognition and academic achievement may be sensitive to lingering deficits, and that children injured earlier in life may exhibit worse neuroPsychological and academic performance. Expand
Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits and recovery in concussed adolescents
TLDR
It is demonstrated that concussed adolescents exhibit clear deficiencies in neurocognitive function, and that N2b response latency may be a marker of concussion recovery. Expand
Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players
TLDR
It is demonstrated that multiple concussions sustained over several years can lead to altered cognitive and psychosocial function, and neurophysiological markers of conscious and pre-conscious attention provide an objective assessment for evaluating long-term cognitive consequences of concussion. Expand
The persistent influence of concussion on attention, executive control and neuroelectric function in preadolescent children.
  • Davis Moore, D. Pindus, +4 authors C. Hillman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2016
TLDR
The findings demonstrate that children with a history of concussion exhibit behavioral deficits in attention, working memory and impulse control, as well as neuroelectric alterations in ERP indices of visual attention, conflict resolution and attentional resource allocation. Expand
Neurological Assessment and Its Relationship to CSF Biomarkers in Amateur Boxers
TLDR
This is the first study showing traumatic axonal brain injury can be present without measureable cognitive impairment, and boxers with persisting NFL concentration elevation after at least 14 days resting time post bout had a significantly poorer performance on Trail Making A and Simple Reaction Time compared to other boxers. Expand
Effects of concussion on attention and executive function in adolescents.
TLDR
Conussed adolescents have difficulty recovering executive function after injury and may require extended recuperation time before full recovery is achieved, and evaluations focusing on attention and executive function can be useful additions in the assessment and follow-up after head injury. Expand
Adolescent Subtest Norms for the ImPACT Neurocognitive Battery
TLDR
Normative data are provided on each of the subtests used to calculate the composite scores of ImPACT that may be helpful in the interpretation of the ImPact clinical report and further delineation of areas of neurocognitive dysfunction. Expand
Neurophysiological correlates of persistent psycho-affective alterations in athletes with a history of concussion
TLDR
The current study suggests that athletes with a history of concussion who made a complete return to play and reported to be asymptomatic on a commonly used symptom checklist may still exhibit neural activity associated with increased levels of depression, anxiety and anger/hostility. Expand
In-clinic event related potentials after sports concussion: A 4-year study
TLDR
Data suggest significant P300 amplitude changes after concussion that are quantifiable and consistent, and often normalized slower than other standard assessments. Expand
Pediatric concussion working memory outcomes: a scoping review
TLDR
Clinicians and researchers should implement comprehensive and theoretically motivated WM assessments to better understand the WM components impacted by injury and indicate that WM is vulnerable to negative outcomes following pediatric concussion. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Tracking neuropsychological recovery following concussion in sport
TLDR
The serial use of computerized neuropsychological screening with ImPACT to monitor recovery in a clinical case series of injured athletes is illustrated to illustrate the importance of analysing individual athletes’ test data because group analyses can obscure slow Recovery in a substantial minority of athletes. Expand
Prolonged Neuropsychological Impairments Following a First Concussion in Female University Soccer Athletes
TLDR
Cognitive functions related to cognitive processing speed are most vulnerable to a sports-related concussion and are still impaired for a half year after injury in university-level female soccer players. Expand
Electrophysiological abnormalities in well functioning multiple concussed athletes
TLDR
The persistence of sub-clinical abnormalities on ERP components despite normal overt functioning may indicate sub-optimal compensation in multiple concussed athletes and leave them vulnerable to subsequent concussions. Expand
Neurophysiological assessment prior to and following sports-related concussion during childhood: A case study
TLDR
VEPs and spectral analyses confirm the presence of cortical impairments up to 1 year post-injury, especially affecting vigilance and attention, which were reflected in school performance. Expand
Postural Stability and Neuropsychological Deficits After Concussion in Collegiate Athletes.
TLDR
Athletes with cerebral concussion demonstrated acute balance deficits, which are likely the result of not using information from the vestibular and visual systems effectively, and more research is necessary to determine the best neuropsychological test battery for assessing sport-related concussion. Expand
The neuropsychological impact of sports-related concussion: A meta-analysis
TLDR
Acute effects (within 24 hr of injury) of concussion were greatest for delayed memory, memory acquisition, and global cognitive functioning, but no residual neuropsychological impairments were found when testing was completed beyond 7 days postinjury. Expand
The persistent effects of concussion on neuroelectric indices of attention
Abstract Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) that result from participation in sports are a major public health issue affecting 1.6–3.8 million individuals annually. The injury has been postulatedExpand
Neuropsychological functioning and recovery after mild head injury in collegiate athletes.
TLDR
Although single, uncomplicated mild head injuries do cause limited neuropsychological impairment, injured players generally experience rapid resolution of symptoms with minimal prolonged sequelae. Expand
The Effect of Sport Concussion on Neurocognitive Function, Self-Report Symptoms and Postural Control
TLDR
These findings support the use of the multifaceted concussion evaluation after immediately post-injury and in the 2 weeks following injury. Expand
SEX DIFFERENCES IN NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTION AND POST‐CONCUSSION SYMPTOMS OF CONCUSSED COLLEGIATE ATHLETES
TLDR
College athletes exhibit differences on visual memory composite scores and symptoms post-concussion as a function of sex, which support the importance of evaluating neuropsychological status and post- Concussion symptoms in concussed athletes. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...