Neuropsychiatric effects of caffeine

  title={Neuropsychiatric effects of caffeine},
  author={Anthony P Winston and Elizabeth Hardwick and Neema Jaberi},
  journal={Advances in Psychiatric Treatment},
Psychiatrists rarely enquire about caffeine intake when assessing patients. This may lead to a failure to identify caffeine-related problems and offer appropriate interventions. Excessive caffeine ingestion leads to symptoms that overlap with those of many psychiatric disorders. Caffeine is implicated in the exacerbation of anxiety and sleep disorders, and people with eating disorders often misuse it. It antagonises adenosine receptors, which may potentiate dopaminergic activity and exacerbate… 
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    Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • 2021
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychological reports
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The uses and effects of caffeine as a psychoactive drug in chronic psychiatric inpatient groups are described, and deleterious effects may result from the interaction of caffeine with commonly prescribed psychotropic drugs.
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  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
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The author reports that high intake of caffeine ("caffeinism") can produce symptoms that are indistinguishable from those of anxiety neurosis, such as nervouness, irritability, tremulousness,
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Caffeine toxicity remains a rarely reported condition, which may mimic anxiety disorders, and six cases of anxiety disorder are presented who improved with only caffeine abstention, and remained well for at least a six-month follow-up period.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
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The results suggest that some panic disorder patients may have abnormalities in neuronal systems involving adenosine, and patients with anxiety disorders may benefit by avoiding caffeine-containing foods and beverages.
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Among 83 hospitalized adult psychiatric patients, 22% reported being high caffeine consumers (750 mg or more per day); these patients scored significantly greater on the State-Trait Anxiety Index and
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It is suggested that caffeine exhibits the features of a typical psychoactive substance of dependence, since some people feel compelled to continue caffeine use despite desires and recommendations to the contrary.
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