Neuroprotective effects of low level electrical stimulation therapy on retinal degeneration.

@article{Pardue2014NeuroprotectiveEO,
  title={Neuroprotective effects of low level electrical stimulation therapy on retinal degeneration.},
  author={Machelle T. Pardue and Vincent T. Ciavatta and John R. Hetling},
  journal={Advances in experimental medicine and biology},
  year={2014},
  volume={801},
  pages={845-51}
}
Low-level electrical stimulation applied to the eye has been shown to have neuroprotective effects on photoreceptors and retinal ganglion cells. In this review, we compare the effects of Subretinal Electrical Stimulation (SES), Transcorneal Electrical Stimulation (TES), and Whole Eye Stimulation (WES) on preserving retinal structure and function, and visual acuity, in retinal degeneration. Similarities and differences in stimulus parameters, targeted cells and growth factor expression will be… CONTINUE READING

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