Neuropilin-1 suppresses tumorigenic properties in a human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line lacking neuropilin-1 coreceptors.

Abstract

Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) was first described as a coreceptor implicated in neuronal guidance that bound members of the semaphorin/collapsin family. NRP-1 is also expressed in endothelial cells and is believed to promote angiogenesis by acting as a coreceptor with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor 2. Recent studies suggest that NRP-1 can function through both a VEGF-dependent and VEGF-independent fashion. Expression of NRP-1 has been shown in many human tumors, including pancreatic adenocarcinomas. The exact role of NRP-1 in tumor cells is unknown, particularly in cells that lack the NRP-1 coreceptors VEGF receptor 2 and Plexin-A1. To discern the regulatory role(s) of NRP-1 in pancreatic adenocarcinoma that lack these coreceptors, we overexpressed both full-length NRP-1 and a deletion form of NRP-1 that does not interact with semaphorin or VEGF. Overexpression of either isoform reduced several key tumorigenic properties, including anchorage-independent cell growth and migration in vitro, and resulted in reduced tumor incidence and tumor volume in vivo. Conversely, reduction of NRP-1 expression by small interfering RNA targeting led to enhanced tumor growth. Thus, NRP-1 may play distinct growth regulatory roles in different tumor types, and altering NRP-1 expression or function may be a means of influencing the growth of pancreatic cancers.

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@article{Gray2005Neuropilin1ST, title={Neuropilin-1 suppresses tumorigenic properties in a human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line lacking neuropilin-1 coreceptors.}, author={Michael Gray and Jane S Wey and Anna Belcheva and M Mccarty and Jose G. Trevino and Douglas Evans and Lee Ellis and Gary Edward Gallick}, journal={Cancer research}, year={2005}, volume={65 9}, pages={3664-70} }