Neurophysiologic monitoring and pharmacologic provocative testing for embolization of spinal cord arteriovenous malformations.

@article{Niimi2004NeurophysiologicMA,
  title={Neurophysiologic monitoring and pharmacologic provocative testing for embolization of spinal cord arteriovenous malformations.},
  author={Y Niimi and Francesco Sala and Vedran Deletis and Avi Setton and Adauri Bueno de Camargo and A Berenstein},
  journal={AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={25 7},
  pages={1131-8}
}
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Embolization of a spinal cord arteriovenous malformation (SCAVM) is still considered risky. We evaluated the efficacy and reliability of pharmacologic provocative testing with neurophysiologic monitoring in the embolization of SCAVMs. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed results of 60 provocative tests during 84 angiographic procedures (in 52 patients) with intended endovascular embolization. Tests included 47 sodium amytal and 56 lidocaine injections. All procedures… CONTINUE READING
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