Pregnancy is associated with altered response to neuropeptide Y in uterine artery.
Interactions between neuropeptide Y and perivascular vasodilator agents were studied in guinea pig cerebral, coronary, and uterine arteries. In all three types of arteries, vessel segments precontracted with prostaglandin F2 alpha or histamine relaxed concentration dependently upon application of acetylcholine (ACh), substance P (SP), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). Neuropeptide Y (NPY: 10(-8)-10(-7) M) caused inhibition of relaxations produced by ACh, SP, and VIP in all three types of segments; however, the effective concentration varied between vessel type. Thus, cerebral and uterine arteries were approximately 10 times more sensitive to NPY than the coronary artery. D-myo-inositol-1,2,6-triphosphate (PP56) was a potent inhibitor of the NPY effect in all three vessel types. Thus, NPY, which is colocalized not only with norepinephrine in sympathetic perivascular fibers but also with VIP and ACh in some parasympathetic neurons, can greatly reduce the vasodilatory effect of ACh and VIP, as well as of the sensory peptide SP. This further illustrates the complex interactions NPY has with perivascular neuroeffector mechanisms.