Neuropeptide Y gene expression in the arcuate nucleus: sexual dimorphism and modulation by testosterone.


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) peptide concentrations in the arcuate nucleus have recently been shown to be modulated by gonadal steroids in the male rat. The present study was designed to determine whether NPY messenger RNA (mRNA)-synthesizing cells in the arcuate nucleus (Arc) of the male rat are regulated by testosterone (T) and whether there is a sexual… (More)