Neurons of self-defence: neuronal innervation of the exocrine defence glands in stick insects

@article{Stolz2015NeuronsOS,
  title={Neurons of self-defence: neuronal innervation of the exocrine defence glands in stick insects},
  author={Konrad Stolz and Christoph-R{\"u}diger von Bredow and Yvette M von Bredow and Reinhard Lakes-Harlan and Tina E. Trenczek and Johannes Strau{\ss}},
  journal={Frontiers in Zoology},
  year={2015},
  volume={12}
}
BackgroundStick insects (Phasmatodea) use repellent chemical substances (allomones) for defence which are released from so-called defence glands in the prothorax. These glands differ in size between species, and are under neuronal control from the CNS. The detailed neural innervation and possible differences between species are not studied so far. Using axonal tracing, the neuronal innervation is investigated comparing four species. The aim is to document the complexity of defence gland… 
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