Neuronal activity in the primate supplementary, pre-supplementary and premotor cortex during externally and internally instructed sequential movements

@article{Halsband1994NeuronalAI,
  title={Neuronal activity in the primate supplementary, pre-supplementary and premotor cortex during externally and internally instructed sequential movements},
  author={Ulrike Halsband and Yoshiya Matsuzaka and Jun Tanji},
  journal={Neuroscience Research},
  year={1994},
  volume={20},
  pages={149-155}
}
This study recorded the activity of neurons in the (i) supplementary motor area (SMA), (ii) pre-SMA (the motor area immediately rostral to the SMA), (iii) premotor cortex (PMC) and (iv) primary motor cortex (MI), while the monkey performed a conditional sequential motor task that ensures sequencing of multiple movements to the same manipulandum. This paradigm was chosen in order to prevent the participation of spatial cues in prompting the correct motor sequence. Three different movements (turn… 
Neuronal activity in the primate supplementary motor area and the primary motor cortex in relation to spatio-temporal bimanual coordination.
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The results suggest that both the SMA and M1 may contribute to the control of sequential bimanual coordinated movements, but the contribution of other cortical and subcortical areas such as cingulate motor cortex and basal ganglia remains to be investigated.
Differential roles of neuronal activity in the supplementary and presupplementary motor areas: from information retrieval to motor planning and execution.
We explored functional differences between the supplementary and presupplementary motor areas (SMA and pre-SMA, respectively) systematically with respect to multiple behavioral factors, ranging from
The role of the Supplementary Motor Area during internally and externally triggered movement sequences: a TMS study.
The present study was designed to address the interaction of cognitive and neurological correlates that are involved in the control of sequential motor skill. Responding to individual stimuli in
Comparison of neuronal activity in the rostral supplementary and cingulate motor areas during a task with cognitive and motor demands
TLDR
The results suggest that although the two areas share functional properties, they also participate in different aspects of motor behaviour, which give them the potential to integrate external stimuli and internal states during motor planning.
Neuronal activity in the supplementary motor area of monkeys adapting to a new dynamic environment.
TLDR
It is shown that neurons in SMA reflect the movement dynamics individually and as a population, and that their activity undergoes a variety of plastic changes when monkeys adapt to a new dynamic environment.
FMRI Studies of the Supplementary Motor Area and the Premotor Cortex
TLDR
Functional maps resulting from comparison of the motor tasks with REST reveal activation in primary sensorimotor cortex, medial and lateral premotor areas, cingulate cortex, and parietal cortex, reflecting the functional heterogeneity of these areas suggested by previous studies.
Activation of the supplementary motor area (SMA) during performance of visually guided movements.
TLDR
The 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) technique was used to measure functional activation in the motor areas on the medial wall of the hemisphere in monkeys trained to perform visually guided reaching movements to randomly presented targets and found that the SMA was strongly activated during reaching to different visual targets.
Do bimanual motor actions involve the dorsal premotor (PMd), cingulate (CMA) and posterior parietal (PPC) cortices? Comparison with primary and supplementary motor cortical areas
Single neuronal activity was recorded from the dorsal premotor cortex (PMd), the cingulate motor area (CMA) and the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) in two Macaca fascicularis trained to perform a
Neuronal activity in medial frontal cortex during learning of sequential procedures.
TLDR
The results suggest that the pre-SMA, rather than SMA, is more involved in the acquisition of new sequential procedures.
Skill representation in the primary motor cortex after long-term practice.
TLDR
M1 may be a site of storage for the internal representation of skilled sequential movements, especially sequences of movements, during skilled movement sequences in macaques trained to successively hit targets on a monitor.
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