Neuron theory, the cornerstone of neuroscience, on the centenary of the Nobel Prize award to Santiago Ramón y Cajal

@article{LpezMuoz2006NeuronTT,
  title={Neuron theory, the cornerstone of neuroscience, on the centenary of the Nobel Prize award to Santiago Ram{\'o}n y Cajal},
  author={Francisco Javier L{\'o}pez-Mu{\~n}oz and Jes{\'u}s Boya and Cecilio {\'A}lamo},
  journal={Brain Research Bulletin},
  year={2006},
  volume={70},
  pages={391-405}
}
Exactly 100 years ago, the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine was awarded to Santiago Ramón y Cajal, "in recognition of his meritorious work on the structure of the nervous system". Cajal's great contribution to the history of science is undoubtedly the postulate of neuron theory. The present work makes a historical analysis of the circumstances in which Cajal formulated his theory, considering the authors and works that influenced his postulate, the difficulties he encountered for its… Expand
Cajal, Golgi, Nansen, Schäfer and the neuron doctrine.
  • O. Bock
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Endeavour
  • 2013
TLDR
This paper begins by charting the research that led directly to the awarding of the 1906 Nobel Prize and shows that long before the ultimate vindication of the Neuron Doctrine, researchers in several countries had been accumulating evidence that undermined or contradicted the Reticular Theory. Expand
The renaissance of the neuron doctrine: Cajal rebuts the Rector of Granada
The Spanish histologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal and the Italian anatomist Camillo Golgi, who were jointly awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries on the structureExpand
A historical reflection of the contributions of Cajal and Golgi to the foundations of neuroscience
TLDR
The importance of Cajal's studies using the method of impregnation discovered by Golgi, as well as the relevant studies carried out by GolGI, the concession of the Nobel Prize and the events that occurred during the Nobel conferences are reviewed. Expand
Santiago Ramon y Cajal and Neuron Doctrine
TLDR
Santiago Ramon y Cajal, was a scientist with unusual observation and interpretation talents, who pushed the conditions until the end to access to information and share his findings in the underdeveloped scientific environment of Spain. Expand
Neuron Doctrine and Conditional Reflexes at the XIV International Medical Congress of Madrid of 1903
There is a long tradition of holding meetings to present new ideas or discoveries that help in transforming our world in different areas of science and industry. One of these meetings was the 14thExpand
Neuron Doctrine and Conditional Reflexes at the XIV International Medical Congress of Madrid of 1903
There is a long tradition of holding meetings to present new ideas or discoveries that help in transforming our world in different areas of science and industry. One of these meetings was the14thExpand
Robert Bentley Todd's Contribution to Cell Theory and The Neuron Doctrine
TLDR
Robert Bentley Todd, who is best remembered for “Todd's paralysis,” made many more important contributions to neurology and neuroscience, including the concept of brain electricity and electrical discharges in epilepsy, as described in his textbook The Descriptive and Physiological Anatomy of the Brain, Spinal Cord and Ganglions. Expand
Historical evolution of the neurotransmission concept
TLDR
This review describes the process of the discovery of the different neurotransmitters and neuroreceptors, and analyse the new interpretations postulated in relation to the neurotransmission concept at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Expand
Historical first descriptions of Cajal–Retzius cells: from pioneer studies to current knowledge
TLDR
This review will summarize in a temporal basis the emerging knowledge concerning this cell population with specific attention the pioneer studies of Santiago Ramón y Cajal. Expand
Camillo Golgi (1843 –1926): scientist extraordinaire and pioneer figure of modern neurology
  • S. Ghosh
  • Medicine, Philosophy
  • Anatomy & cell biology
  • 2020
TLDR
Camillo Golgi was an extraordinary scientist whose contributions in the domain of neuroanatomy proved to be critical for emergence of neuroscience as a sovereign scientific discipline and was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1906. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Colgi, Cajal and the Neuron Doctrine.
  • E. G. Jones
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 1999
Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramon y Cajal shared the Nobel Prize in 1906 for their work on the histology of the nerve cell, but both held diametrically opposed views about the Neuron Doctrine whichExpand
The Neuron Theory
  • H. Fodstad
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
  • 2001
TLDR
The classic neuron doctrine has served well as the theoretical basis for the great advances in the authors' current understanding of the cellular basis of nervous system functions. Expand
August Forel ‐ Cofounder of the Neuron Theory (1848–1931)
  • K. Akert
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Brain pathology
  • 1993
TLDR
His life long struggle for peace and better living conditions for the sick and the poor have left their traces up to present day, not only for his missionary zeal for birth control and equal rights for women, but also for public innovations such as the opening of non-alcoholic restaurants. Expand
Foundations of the neuron doctrine
Preface Commentaries on The Neuron Doctrine Cajal, Golgi and Ariadne's Needle - Marina Bentivoglio Reflections on the Neuron Doctrine - Javier DeFelipe The Neuron Doctrine Revisited: A PersonalExpand
The Golgi Stain: invention, diffusion and impact on neurosciences.
  • E. Pannese
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 1999
TLDR
The black reaction was the first technique to reveal neurons in their entirety, i.e. with all their processes, and is still used extensively not only in combination with electron microscopy, but also in studies on the evolution, ontogeny, and organization of the nervous system. Expand
The early history of the synapse: from plato to sherrington
  • M. Bennett
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Brain Research Bulletin
  • 1999
TLDR
The concept of the synapse emerged from considerations of how muscles are contracted and so locomotion affected over a period of 2400 years, from the time of Plato and Aristotle in the 4th century BC to the early part of the 20th century. Expand
Integrative Action of the Nervous System
TLDR
The functions of the Brain and the Theories of their Relation are studied in detail in the second volume of Nick Wade's Mind and Body, which aims to clarify the role of the nervous system in human health. Expand
Discoveries in the Human Brain: Neuroscience Prehistory, Brain Structure, and Function
I. Introduction: The Basic Postulates. Nature of the Continuum. Charles Darwin. Galen of Pergamum. Overview of the Base. II. Evolution of the Mammalian Brain. Phylogeny Leads the Way. OtogenyExpand
Mikroskopische Üntersuchungen über die Übereinstimmung in der Struktur und dem Wachstume der Tiere und Pflanzen
TLDR
This famous memoir by a distinguished pupil of Johannes Müller converted histology into a rational branch of science and founded the cell-theory upon which modern physiology and pathology are based. Expand
SOME FEATURES OF THE SUBMICROSCOPIC MORPHOLOGY OF SYNAPSES IN FROG AND EARTHWORM
TLDR
Electron micrographs are presented of synaptic regions encountered in sections of frog sympathetic ganglia and earthworm nerve cord neuropile, and a submicroscopic filamentary component can be seen in the presynaptic member extending up to the region where the vesicles are found, but terminating short of the synapse itself. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...